1991 Index

1991-001: REVIEW OF EUROPEAN ACTIVITIES ON ELECTRIC PROPULSION; C. Bartoli, ESA Technical Directorate, ESTEC, Noordwijk, The Netherlands

1991-002: AN OVERVIEW OF THE NASA ELECTRIC PROPULSION PROGRAM; Francis M. Curran, Gary L. Bennett, and Marcus A. Watkins, NASA Headquarters, Office of Aeronautics, Exploration, and Technology, Washington, D.C. 20546; David C. Byers, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Lewis Research Center, Cleveland, Ohio 44135; and John R. Brophy and Joel C. Sercel, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California 91109

1991-003: STATE OF WORKS ON ELECTRICAL THRUSTERS IN THE USSR; A. S. Bober, Enterprise “Fakel”; V. P. Kim and G. A. Popov, Research Institute of Applied Mechanics and Electrodynamics of Moscow Aviation Institute; A. S. Koroteev, Research Institute of Thermal Processes; L. A. Latyshev, Moscow Aviation Institute; A. I. Morozov, Institute of Atomic Energy named after I. V. Kurchatove; Yu P. Rylov, All-Union Research Institute of Electromechanics; and V. V. Zhurin, Institute of Earth Magnetism and Wave Propagation, of USSR AcSci

1991-004: ELECTRIC PROPULSION RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT IN JAPAN; T. Yoshikawa, Faculty of Engineering Science, Osaka University, Machikaneyama, Toyonaka, Osaka, Japan

1991-005: REVIEW OF PLASMA PROPULSION ACTIVITIES IN ITALY; W. D. Deininger, BPD Difesa E Spazio, Colleferro (Roma) Itally; M. Andrenucci, Centrospazio, Pisa, Italy, G. Paccani, University of Rome, Rome, Italy, A. Trippi, ESA/ESTEC, Noordwijk, The Netherlands; and F. Rossi, ASSI, Rome, Italy

1991-006: THE STATUS AND FUTURE PLANS FOR ELECTRIC PROPULSION DEVELOPMENT BY THE UNITED STATES AIR FORCE; Capt. Terry M. Sanks, USAF, OLAC Phillips Laboratory, Edwards Air Force Base, CA 93525-5000; Lt. Barry Raygor, USAF, Space Systems Division AFSC, Los Angeles Air Force Base, CA 90009-2960; and Dr. Mitat A. Birkan, Air Force Office of Scientific Research, Bolling Air Force Base, Washington D.C. 00000-0000

1991-007: THE ADVANCED SPACE PROPULSION PROGRAMMES AT AEA TECHNOLOGY, CULHAM LABORATORY; R. A. Bond, A. R. Martin, and S. D. Watson, Space Applications Department, AEA Technology, Culham Laboratory, Abingdon, Oxon OX14 3DB, United Kingdom

1991-009: THE UK-10 ION PROPULSION SYSTEM – A TECHNOLOGY FOR IMPROVING THE COST-EFFECTIVENESS OF COMMUNICATION SPACECRAFT; D. G. Fearn, Space Department, Royal Aerospace Establishment, Farnborough, Hampshire, UK

1991-010: 18-mN XENON ION PROPULSION SUBSYSTEM; J. R. Beattie, R. R. Robson, and J. D. Williams, Hughes Research Laboratories, Malibu, California 90265, USA

1991-013: HYDRAZINE ARCJET PROPULSION SYSTEM INTEGRATION TESTING; Sidney Zafran, Space & Technology Group, TRW Inc., Redondo Beach, CA 90278

1991-014: FINAL RESULTS OF 15 kWe WATER-COOLED ARCJET TESTING; E. Tosti, BPD Difesa e Spazio, Colleferro, Italy; B. Glocker, Institut  für Raumfahrtsysteme Universität Stuttgart, Germany; and A. Trippi, ESA/ESTEC, Noordwijk, The Netherlands

1991-015: EXPERIMENTAL AND NUMERICAL STUDIES OF A 10-kW WATER-COOLED ARCJET THRUSTER; H. Tahara, T. Sakakibara, K. Onoe, and T. Yoshikawa, Faculty of Engineering Science, Osaka University, Machikaneyama, Toyonaka, Osaka, Japan

1991-016:  MEDIUM POWER ARCJET ANALYSIS AND EXPERIMENTS; B. Glocker, Th. Rösgen, Institut  für Raumfahrtsysteme Universität Stuttgart; and A. Laxander, Institut  für Computeranwendungen, Universität Stuttgart

1991-018: HYDROGEN ARCJET TECHNOLOGY; John M. Sankovic, John A. Hamley, Thomas W. Haag, Charles J. Sarmiento, and Francis M. Curran, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Lewis Research Center, Cleveland, Ohio 44135

1991-019: A REVIEW OF THE THEORY OF SELF-FIELD MPD THRUSTERS; J. L. Lawless, Space Power Inc., San Jose, CA 94134; and V. V. Subramaniam, Department of Mechanical Engineering, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio 43210-1107

1991-020: LOCAL ANALYSES IN MPD THRUSTER: MAGNETODYNAMIC REGIMES; J. Marc, G. Chanty, and M. Martinez-Sanchez, Department of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139, U.S.A.

1991-021: ONSET AND EROSION IN SELF-FIELD MPD THRUSTERS; V. V. Subramaniam, Department of Mechanical Engineering, The Ohio State University, Columubs, Ohio 43210, U.S.A.

1991-022: THE ONSET PHENOMENA EXPLAINED BY RUN-AWAY JOULE HEATING; Herbert O. Schrade, Thomas Wegmann, and Thomas Rosgen, Institut für Raumfahrtsysteme Universität Stuttgart, Germany

1991-023: THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE CATHODES-COMPENSATORS FOR STATIONARY PLASMA THRUSTERS (SIT) IN USSR; B. A. Arkhipov and K. N. Kozubsky, Enterprise “Fakel, Kaliningrad (obl), USSR

1991-024: DESIGN CONSOLIDATION AND SPACE (PRE)QUALIFICATION OF A PLASMA BRIDGE NEUTRALIZER FOR THE RITA 10 ION THRUSTER; M. Bianconi, G. F. Cirri, G. Matticari, and A. Severi, Proel Tecnologi – Firenze, Italy

1991-025: EVALUATION OF ION THRUSTER BEAM NEUTRALIZATION; S. Shimada, Y. Gotoh, E. Nishida, and H. Takegahara, Space Systems Department, Kamakura Works, Mitsubishi Electric Corporation, Kamakura, Japan; and K. Nakamaru, H. Nagano, and K. Terada, National Space Development Agency of Japan, Minato-ku, Tokyo, Japan

1991-026: ENDURANCE TEST OF PROEL NEUTRALIZER FOR THE RIT 10: REVIEW OF THE ACTIVITIES AT ESTEC LABORATORIES; H. V. Rohden, ESA/ESTEC – Electric Propulsion Unit, Noordwijk, The Netherland; and G. F. Cirri and G. Matticari, Proel Tecnologie, Firenze, Italy

1991-027: POWER SUPPLY AND CONTROL UNIT FOR RADIOFREQUENCY ION THURSTER RIT; P. Cesa, FIAR SpA Space Division, Corso Milano, 94 Padova, Italy; and S. Gandini, P. Leoni, and G. Passoni, FIAR SpA Space Division, Via Montefeltro, 8 Milano, Italy

1991-028: OPERATING LIMITS OF POWER CONVERTERS FOR HIGH POWER ION ENGINE CONTROL; A. J. Forsyth, P. D. Evans, K. W. E. Cheng, and M. R. D. Al-Mothafar, University of Birmingham, U.K., B15 2TT

1991-029: DEVELOPMENT OF A POWER CONDITIONER UNIT OF A 1-kW ARCJET; M. Andrenucci, University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy; and M. Sandrucci, CENTROSPAZIO, Pisa, Italy

1991-030: TESTING OF THE 30 kW ARCJET PCU STARTER USING THE SHORTING SWITCH APPROACH; See-pok Wong, Manager, Electrical Systems, Space Power, Inc., 621 River Oaks Parkway, San Jose, CA 95134

1991-031: PERFORMANCE MEASUREMENTS OF A RESONANT CAVITY ELECTROTHERMAL THRUSTER; Philip Balaam and Michael M. Micci, Department of Aerospace Engineering, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802

1991-032: THEORETICAL MODELING OF DIAGNOSTIC EVALUATIONS OF MICROWAVE GENERATED PLASMA SYSTEMS; Scott S. Haraburda, Department of Chemistry, United States Military Academy, West Point, New York, 10996; Martin C. Hawley and Duane W. Dinkel, Department of Chemical Engineering, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan, 48824

1991-033: DESIGN AND PERFORMANCE CHARACTERISTICS OF A NEW MICROWAVE ELECTROTHERMAL THRUSTER; Juergen Mueller and Michael M. Micci, Department of Aeropsace Engineering, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, USA

1991-034: THE EFFECT OF MOLECULAR PROPELLANTS ON THE PERFORMANCE OF A RESONANT CAVITY ELECTROTHERMAL THRUSTER; D. J. Sullivan and M. M. Micci, Department of Aerospace Engineering, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, USA

1991-035: NUCLEAR ELECTRIC PROPULSION FOR FUTURE NASA SPACE SCIENCE MISSIONS; Chen-wan L. Yen and Carl G. Sauer, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California

1991-036: THE ULYSSES MISSION: THE ION PROPULSION ALTERNATIVE; D. G. Fearn, Space Department, Royal Aerospace Establishment, Farnborough, Hampshire, UK

1991-037: MISSION STUDY OF MARS/VENUS PROBES DRIVEN BY ELECTRIC PROPULSION; Hitoshi Kuninaka, Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, Yoshinodai, Sagamihara, Kanagawa 229, Japan

1991-038: MISSION AND SYSTEM OPTIMIZATION OF NUCLEAR ELECTRIC PROPULSION VEHICLES FOR LUNAR AND MARS MISSIONS; James H. Gilland, Sverdrup Technology, Inc. NASA Lewis Research Center, Brookpark, Ohio

1991-039: SYSTEMS ENGINEERING OF A NEP ROCKET TO THE MOON AND MARS; Dr. John A. Dearien, Idaho National Engineering Laboratory, Idaho Falls, Idaho; M. P. Doherty, J. A. George, and J. S. Sovey, NASA – Lewis Research Center, Cleveland, Ohio

1991-040: TO PLANETS USING NUCLEAR-ELECTRIC THRUST TO L1, THEN CHEMICAL TO OBTAIN LUNAR FUEL, SHIELDING, SUPPLIES, AND EARTH GRAVITY ASSIST; Thomas M. Morse, Consultant, Mooresville, N.C. 28115, USA

1991-041: IGNITION STABILTY OF A LOW POWER ARCJET; T. Yamada, Y. Iwamoto, Y. Shimizu, K. Toki, and K. Kuriki, Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, 3-1-1 Yoshinodai, Sagamihara, Kanagawa 229, Japan

1991-042: DEVELOPMENT OF A LOW POWER RADIATIVELY COOLED THERMAL ARCJET THRUSTER; D. M. Zube, B. Glocker, and H. L. Kurtz, Institut für Raumfahrtsysteme Universität Stuttgart, 7000 Stuttgart 80, F. R. Germany; M. Kinnersley and G. Matthäus, MBB-ERNO Raumfahrttechnik GmBH, 2800 Bremen, F.R. Germany

1991-043: DEVELOPMENT OF A LOW POWER ARCJET THRUSTER: THRUST PERFORMANCE AND LIFE EVALUATION; T. Yoshikawa, K. Onoe, and S. Tsuri, Faculty of Engineering Science, Osaka University, Machikaneyama, Toyonaka, Osaka 560, Japan; M. Ishil and K. Uematsu, Ishikawajima Harima Heavy Industries Co. Ltd., Isogo, Yokohama, Kanagawa 235, Japan

1991-044: ADVANCED LABORATORY MODEL, 1 kW-CLASS ARCJET ENGINE TESTING; G. Cruciani, M. J.  Glogowski, and W. D. Deininger, BPD Difesa e Spazio, Collefero (Roma), Italy; and A. Trippi, ESA/ESTEC, Noordwijk, The Netherlands

1991-045: PERFORMANCE STUDY OF A LABORATORY MODEL OF LOW POWER ARCJET; M. Andrenucci, University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy; G. Saccoccia, ESTEC, Noordwijk, The Netherlands, F. Scortecci, N. Panattoni, U. Schulz, CENTROSPAZIO, Pisa, Italy; and W. D. Deininger, BPD Difesa e Spazio, Colleferro, Italy

1991-047: PLASMA DIAGNOSTICS IN MPD THRUSTER PLUMES; M. Andrenucci, F. Paganucci, A. Venturini, and A. Turco, CENTROSPAZIO, Pisa, Italy; and G. Paccani, University of Rome, Italy

1991-048: OPTICAL MEASUREMENT OF VELOCITY DISTRIBUTIONS IN MPD ARCJET; T. Nakayama, T. Yoshida, K. Toki, and K. Kuriki, Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, Kanagawa, Japan

1991-049: MPD THRUSTER EXHAUST VELOCITY MEASUREMENT USING INJECTED PLASMA WAVES; K. D. Diamant, D. L. Tilley, E. Y. Choueiri, A. J. Kelly, and R. G. Jahn, Electric Propulsion and Plasma Dynamics Laboratory, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544

1991-052: IONIZATION PROCESSES IN THE INTERELECTRODE REGION OF AN MPD THRUSTER; T. M. Randolph, W. F. von Jaskowsky, A. J. Kelly and R. G. Jahn, Electric Propulsion Laboratory, Princeton, University, Princeton, NJ 08544

1991-053: MISSION AND OPERATION ASPECTS OF IN-ORBIT ION PROPULSION MANAGEMENT; L. Mazzini and A. Notarantonio, Alenia Spazio S.p.A. Rome, Italy; and S. Falzini and F. Palutan, Space Engineering, S.r.l., Rome, Italy

1991-054: INTEGRATION OF ION PROPULSION TECHNOLOGY IN A SYNCHRONOUS SATELLITE: THE ARTEMIS CHALLENGE; M. SilvI, Alenia Spazio S.p.A., and H. Kellermeier, M.B.B.

1991-055: ION PROPULSION PACKAGE FOR N/S – STATIONKEEPING OF THE ARTEMIS SATELLITE; H. Bassner, H. P. Berg, K. Fetzer, and G. Müller, Deutsche Aerospace, Messerschmitt Bölkow Blohm, Space Communications and Propulsion Systems Division, Munich, Germany

1991-056: THE UK-10 ION THRUSTER TEST PROGRAMME AT AEA TECHNOLOGY, CULHAM LABORATORY; Staff of the Space Applications Department (Principal Author S. D. Watson), AEA Technology, Culham Laboratory, Abingdon, Oxon OX14 3DB, United Kingdom

1991-057: RITA DEVELOPMENT AND FABRICATION FOR THE ARTEMIS SATELLITE; H. Bassner, H. P. Berg, and R. Kukies, Deutsche Aerospace, Messerschmitt Bölkow Blohm GMBH, Space Communications and Propulsion Systems Division

1991-058: DESIGN OF AN MPD ARCJET FOR OPERATION AT GIGAWATT POWER LEVELS; P. J. Turchi, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio, USA

1991-059: BASIC EQUATIONS AND ELEMENTS OF THE DISPERSION RELATION FOR A FOUR-FLUID FORMALISM OF MAGNETO-PLASMADYNAMICS WITH NON-EQUILIBRIUM IONIZATION; H. J. Kaeppeler, Institut für Plasmaforschung der Universität Stuttgart. F. R. Germany

1991-060: VISCOUS AND DIFFUSIVE EFFECTS IN ELECTROTHERMAL AND MPD ARCJET THRUSTERS; S. Miller and M. Martinez-Sanchez, Space Power and Propulsion Laboratory, Dept. of Aeronautics and Astronautics, MIT, Cambridge, MA 02139

1991-061: QUASI ONE-DIMENSIONAL IONIZING MPD FLOW; G. Lefever-Button and V. V. Subramaniam, Department of Mechanical Engineering, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio 43210, U.S.A.

1991-062: THRUST FORMULA FOR AN APPLIED-FIELD MPD THRUSTER DERIVED FROM ENERGY CONSERVATION EQUATION; Akihiro Sasoh, Institute of Fluid Science, Tohoku University, Sendai, Japan; and Yoshihiro Arakawa, Department of Aeronautics, University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan

1991-063: A FLIGHT TEST OF THE ALLEVIATION OF SPACECRAFT CHARGING USING A UK-10 ION THRUSTER CATHODE; N. C. Wallace, Space Department, Defence Research Agency, Aerospace Division, Farnborough, Hampshire, U.K.

1991-064: PLASMA CONTRACTOR FOR THE ISTP/POLAR SPACECRAFT; R. R. Robson and W. S. Williamson, Hughes Research Laboratories, Malibu, California 90265; R. C. Olsen, Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey, California 93943; and T. E. Moore, NASA, Marshall Spaceflight Center, Huntsville, Alabama 35812

1991-065: A METAL-ION IMPLANTER BASED ON ION-THRUSTER TECHNOLOGY; Paul J. Wilbur and Ronghua Wei, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado

1991-066: THE RF-ION SOURCES ‘RIM’ AND ‘PRIS’ FOR MATERIAL PROCESSING AND SURFACE MODIFICATION; M. Bisten, J. Freisinger, J. Heland, J. Krempel-Hesse, J. Krumeich, H.Löb, and P. Neumann, 1st Institute of Physics, Giessen University, Heinrich-Buff-Ring 16, D-6300 Giessen, FRG

1991-067: ELECTRIC PROPULSION APPLICATIONS IN PLASMA-DRIVEN ELECTROMAGNETIC RAILGUNS; B. Azzerboni, Istituto di Elettrotecnica ed Elettronica, V. le A. Dorica 6, 95125 Catania; and E. Cardelli, M. Raugi, and A. Tellini, Dipartimento di Sistemi Elettrici ed Automazione, Via Diotisalvi 2, 56100 Pisa

1991-068: ENDURANCE TEST OF AN AMMONIA ARCJET AT 10 kWe; J. E. Polk and K. D. Goodfellow, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California

1991-070: TESTING OF 30 kW ARCJET PCU WITH ARCJET THRUSTERS; See-pok Wong, Manager, Electrical Systems, Space Power, Inc., 621 River Oaks Parkway, San Jose, CA 95134

1991-071: ACOUSTICAL RESONANT BEHAVIOR AND V-1 CURVES FOR A 30 kWe NITROGEN ARCJET; Montgomery D. Grimes, Southwest Research Institute, San Antonio, TX 78228; and William J. Harris, Edgar A. O’Hair, Lynn L. Hatfield, Magne Kristiansen, and Mary C. Baker; Pulsed Power Laboratory, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, TX 79409

1991-072: HIGH POWER ARCJET THRUSTER EXPERIMENTS; T. M. Gölz, M. Auweter-Kurtz, H. L. Kurtz, and H. O. Schrade; Institut für Raumfahrtsysteme Universität Stuttgart

1991-073: PERFORMANCE CHARACTERISTICS AND DISCHARGE FEATURES OF A QUASI-STEADY APPLIED-FIELD MPD ARCJET; H. Tahara, F. Takiguchi, Y. Kagaya, and T. Yoshikawa, Faculty of Engineering Science, Osaka University, Machikaneyama, Toyonaka, Osaka, Japan

1991-074: AN EXPERIMENTAL AND NUMERICAL INVESTIGATION OF AN APPLIED-FIELD MAGNETOPLASMADYNAMIC SPACE PROPULSION ENGINE; Thomas J. Pivirotto and Keith D. Goodfellow, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California, USA

1991-075: CONTINUOUS OPERATIONAL TESTS OF A QUASI-STEADY MPD ARCJET SYSTEM: THERMAL AND PERFORMANCE CHARACTERISTICS; T. Yoshikawa, Y, Kagaya, and K. Onoe, Faculty of Engineering Science, Osaka University, Machikaneyama, Toyonaka, Osaka 560, Japan

1991-076: PRELIMINARY TEST RESULTS OF A HOLLOW CATHODE MPD THRUSTER; M. A. Mantenieks, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Lewis Research Center, Cleveland, Ohio 44135; and R. M. Myers, Sverdrup Technology, Inc., Lewis Research Center Group, Brook Park, Ohio 44142

1991-078: PLASMA ACCELERATION PROCESS IN A HALL-CURRENT THRUSTER; Kimiya Komurasaki, Miharu Hirakawa, and Yoshihiro Arakawa, Department of Aeronautics, University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Toyoko, Japan

1991-079:  PHYSICAL …. AND CHARACTERISTICS OF STATIONARY PLASMA THRUSTERS WITH CLOSED ELECTRONS DRIFT; A. I. Bugrova, Moscow Institute of Radioelectronics and Automatics, Moscow, USSR; V.P. Kim; Research Institute of Applied Mechanics and Electrodynamics of Moscow Aviation Institute, Moscow, USSR; N. A. Maslennikov; Enterprise “Fakel”, Kaliningrad, USSR; and A. I. Morozov, Institute of Atomic Energy Named After I. V. Kurchatov, Moscow, USSR.

1991-080: THE STATE OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT OF END-HALL PLASMA THRUSTERS IN THE USSR; V. V. Zhurin, Front Range Research, Fort Collins, Colorado; A. G. Popov, A. A. Porotnikov, and V. B. Tikhonov, Moscow Aviation Institute, Moscow; and Iu. A. Utkin, Research Institute for Thermal Processes, Moscow

1991-081: RESEARCH OF ION THRUSTERS IN THE USSR; V. N. Korovkin, Scientific Research Assotiation “Verter”, Kalliningrad, USSR; L. A. Latyshev and V. G. Grigoryan, Moscow Aviation Institute, Moscow, USSR; V. A. Obukhov, Research Institute of Applied Mechanics and Electrodynamics of Moscow Aviation Institute Moscow, USSR

1991-082: RECENT PERFORMANCE RESULTS OF THE RIT 15 AUXILIARY PROPULSION ENGINE; K. H. Groh, N. Kreiling, H. W. Loeb, Th. Schmidkunz, and F. Zarnitz; 1st Institute of Physics, Giessen University, D-6300 Giessen, FRG

1991-083: BEAM DIAGNOSTICS FOR THE CHARACTERIZATION OF ION THRUSTER BEAM PARAMETERS; K. H. Groh, N. Kreiling, H. W. Loeb, Th. Schmidkunz; Ist Institute of Physics, Giessen University, D-6300 Giessen, FRG

1991-084: MICROWAVE ION THRUSTER WITH ELECTRON CYCLOTRON RESONANCE DISCHARGE; H. Miyoshi, S. Ichimura, H. Kuninaka, and K. Kuriki; Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, Yoshinodai, Sagamihara, Kanagawa, Japan; and Y. Horiuchi, NEC Corporation, Ikebe-cho, Midori-ku, Yokohama, Kanagawa, Japan

1991-085: PERFORMANCE CHARACTERISTICS OF A MICROWAVE ION THRUSTER USING A RESONANT CAVITY; T. Yasui, H. Tahara, K. Onoe, and T. Yoshikawa, Faculty of Engineering Science, Osaka University, Machikaneyama, Toyonaka, Osaka, Japan

1991-087: MPD THRUSTER CALCULATION CONSIDERING HIGH IONIZATION MODES; P. C. Sleziona, M. Auweter-Kurtz, and H. O. Schrade, Institut für Raumfahrtsysteme Universität Stuttgart, FRG

1991-088: IONIZATIONAL IGNITION AT THE INLET OF AN MPD THRUSTER; E. J. Sheppard and M. Martinez-Sanchez, Department of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139, U.S.A.

1991-089: PRE-IONIZATION PROCESSES IN A SELF-FIELD MPD ACCELERATOR; Rodney L. Burton and Nicholas Tiliakos, Department of Aeronautical and Astronautical Engineering, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL 61801

1991-091: OPTICAL DIAGNOSTICS OF A LOW POWER HYDROGEN ARCJET; M. A. Cappelli, R. K. Hanson, J. G. Liebeskind, and D. H. Manzella, Stanford University, High Temperature Gasdynamics Laboratory, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Stanford, CA 94305, U.S.A.

1991-092: PLUME ANALYSIS OF A 10 kWe/N ARCJET USING EMISSION SPECTROSCOPY; E. Tosti and W. D. Deininger, BPD Difesa e Spazio, Colleferro, Italy

1991-093: LASER FLUORESCENCE VELOCIMETRY OF AN ARCJET EXHAUST PLUME; Wilhelmus M. Ruyten, University of Tennessee-Calspan, Center for Space Transportation and Applied Research, UTSI Research Park, Tullahoma, Tennessee 37388; Dennis Keefer, Center for Laser Applications, University of Tennessee Space Institute, Tullahoma, Tennessee 37388

1991-095: ADVANCED DIAGNOSTICS OF ARCJETS; M. W. Crofton, R. P. Welle, S. W. Janson, and R. B. Cohen, The Aerospace Corporation, Los Angeles, CA 90009

1991-096: EROSION PROCESSES IN THE UK-25 ION THRUSTER; P. M. Latham, A. J. Pearce, and R. A. Bond, Space Applications Department, AEA Technology, Culham Laboratory, Abingdon, OXON OX14 3DB, United Kingdom

1991-097: METAL AND METAL NITRIDE EROSION RATES IN A DIVERGENT FIELD ION ENGINE; Charles E. Garner, John R. Brophy, and L. C. Pless, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91109

1991-098: EROSION RATE DIAGNOSTICS IN ION THRUSTERS USING LASER-INDUCED FLUORESCENE; C. J. Gaeta, R. S. Turley, J. N. Matossian, J. R. Beattie, W. S. Williamson, and J. D. Williams, Hughes Research Laboratories, Malibu, CA 90265

1991-099: THE HALL EFFECT IN A NUMERICAL MODEL OF MPD THRUSTERS; E. H. Niewood and M. Martinez-Sanchez, Space Power and Propulsion Laboratory, Dept. of Aeronautics and Astronautics, MIT, Cambridge, MA 02139

1991-100: CURRENT-DRIVEN PLASMA ACCELERATION VERSUS CURRENT-DRIVEN ENERGY DISSIPATION PART II: ELECTROMAGNETIC WAVE STABILITY THEORY AND EXPERIMENTS; E. Y. Choueiri, A. J. Kelly, and R. G. Jahn, Electric Propulsion and Plasma Dynamics Laboratory, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544, USA

1991-101: GRADIENT INFLUENCED SPACE CHARGE INSTABILITIES IN MPD THRUSTERS; H. P. Wagner, M. Auwetere-Kurtz, E. W. Messerschmid, Institut für Raumfahrtsysteme (IRS); H. J. Kaeppeler, Institut für Plasmaforschung (IPF), Universität Stuttgart, FRG

1991-102: AN MPD CODE WITH ANOMALOUS TRANSPORT; G. Caldo, E. Y. Choueiri, A. J. Kelly, and R. G. Jahn, Electric Propulsion and Plasma Dynamics Laboratory, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey 08544, USA

1991-103: EXPERIMENTAL STUDY OF FEEP EMITTER STARTING CHARACTERISTICS; M. Andrenucci, University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy; S. Marcuccio, L. Spagli, A. Genovese, and F. Repola, CENTROSPAZIO, Pisa, Italy

1991-104: EXPERIMENTAL INVESTIGATION OF FIELD EMISSION ELECTROSTATIC THRUSTERS; A. Ciucci, Auburn University, Auburn, Al, USA; G. Genuini, CENTROSPAZIO, Pisa, Italy, and M. Andrenucci, University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy

1991-105: PROSPECTS OF LIQUID METAL ION THRUSTERS FOR ELECTRIC PROPULSION; J. Mitterauer, Technische Universität Wien Institut für Allgemeine Elektrotechnick und Elektronik, Gusshausstrasse 27-29, 1040 Wien, Austria

1991-106: THERMIONIC SYSTEMS FOR NUCLEAR ELECTRIC PROPULSION; Thomas H. Van Hagan, General Atomics, P.O. Box 85608, San Diego, California, USA 92186-9784

1991-107: PROPELLANT STORAGE CONSIDERATIONS FOR ELECTRIC PROPULSION; Richard P. Welle, The Aerospace Corporation, Los Angeles, CA 90009

1991-108: A LIGHTWEIGHT LIQUID HYDROGEN STORAGE SYSTEM FOR ELECTRICAL ORBITL TRANSFER VEHICLE APPLICATION; T. M. Miller and E. C. Cady, McDonnell Douglas Space Systems Company, Huntington Beach, California

1991-109: MASS FLOW CONTROLLER OF ION ENGINE SYSTEM; S. Shimada, Y. Gotoh, and H. Takagahara, Space Systems Department, Kamakura Works, Mitsubishi Electric Corporation, Kamakura, Kanagawa, Japan; and H. Nagano, National Space Development Agency of Japan, Minato-ku, Tokyo, Japan

1991-110: MOEDLLING ARCJET THRUSTER PERFORMANCE; R. Spurrett and R. A. Bond, AEA Technology, Culham Laboratory, Abingdon, Oxon OX14 3DB, United Kingdom

1991-111: COMPARISON OF MODEL CALCULATIONS WITH EXPERIMENTAL DATA FROM HYDROGEN ARCJETS; Robert Rhodes and Dennis Keefer, Center for Laser Applications, University of Tennessee Space Institute, Tullahoma, TN 37388

1991-112: NUMERICAL STUDIES OF THE FLOW FIELD IN A LOW POWER DC ARCJET THRUSTER USING NAVIER-STOKES EQUATIONS; Hiroyuki Okamoto and Michio Nishida, Department of Aeronautical Engineering, Kyushu University, Fukouka 812, Japan; and Ken-ichi Tanaka, Central Research Laboratory, Mitsubishi Electric Corporation, Hyougo 661, Japan

1991-113: DEVELOPMENT OF A COMPUTER PROGRAMME OF THE ANALYSIS OF ARCJET NOZZLES; M. Andrenucci, University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy, F. Scortecci, G. Capecchi, and T. Wünsch, CENTROSPAZIO, Pisa, Italy

1991-114: OPERATION OF A PULSED ELECTROTHERMAL DEVICE WITH THE XRAM INDUCTIVE GENERATOR, J. Ashkenazy, R. Cerny, M. Kanter, and Z. Kaplan, Soreq Nuclear Research Center, Yavne 70600, Israel

1991-115: AN OPTIMAL DESIGN PROCEDURE FOR A PULSE FORMING NETWORK; E. Cardelli, N. Esposito, and M. Raugi, Dipartimento di Sistemi Elettrici ed Automazione, Via Diotisalvi 2, 56100 Pisa; and G. Tina, Dipartimento di Elettrotecnica ed Elettronica, Viale A. Doria 6, 95125 Catania

1991-118: A NUMERICAL CODE FOR CUSPED ION THRUSTERS; Yoshihiro Arakawa and Kazutomi Ishihara, Department of Aeronautics, University of Tokyo, Hongo, Tokyo, 113 Japan

1991-119: THREE-DIMENSIONAL PARTICLE SIMULATION OF GRID EROSION IN ION THRUSTERS; Xiaohang Peng, Wilhelmus M. Ruyten, and Dennis Keefer, Center for Space Transportation and Applied Research and University of Tennessee Space Institute, Tullahoma, Tennessee 37388

1991-120: VARIATIONS OF TRIPLE-GRID GEOMETRY AND POTENTIALS TO ALLEVIATE ACCEL GRID EROSION; B. Free, Scionics, inc. Derwood, MD, USA; J. R. Owens, INTELSAT, Washington, D.C. USA, and P. Wilbur, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO, USA

1991-121: ORBITAL CONTROL AND MANOEUVERING OF LIGHTSATS/SYNCHRONOUS SATELLITES: ASSESSMENT OF NEW ION PROPULSION TECHNOLOGIES, BASED ON THE ELECTRON CYCLOTRON RESONANCE PHENOMENON, TO IMPROVE THE PERFORMANCES OF THRUSTERS IN THE MILLINEWTON RANGE; G. Perrotta, Alenia Spazio, Via Saccomuro n. 24-00131 Roma (Italy); M. Bianconi, A. Bicci, M. Capacci, G. F. Cirri, and G. Matticari, Proel Technologie, Viale Machiavelli n. 29-50125 Firenze (Italy)

1991-122: AN INVESTIGATION OF MICROINSTABILITIES IN A kW LEVEL SELF-FIELD MPD THRUSTER; D. L. Tilley, E. Y. Choueiri, A. J. Kelly, R. G. Jahn, Electric Propulsion & Plasma Dynamics Lab, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544

1991-123: SCALE EFFECTS ON THE PERFORMANCE OF MPD THRUSTERS; M. Andrenucci, University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy; F. Paganucci, M. Frazzetta, G. LaMotta, and G. Schianchi, CENTROSPAZIO, Pisa, Italy

1991-125: ANODE POWER DEPOSTITIOIN IN MPD THRUSTERS; A. D. Gallimore, A. J. Kelly, and R. G. Jahn, Electric Propulsion Laboratory, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey 08544

1991-126: EXPERIMENTAL COMPARISION OF ELECTRIC OF KINETIC ENERGY TRANSFORMATION EFFECTIVENESS IN ELECTRODISCHARGE AND ELECTRODYNAMIC SYSTEMS; F. G. Rutberg, A. I. Kulishevitch, G. M. Cherniavsky, and S. A. Kaliadin, Department of Physics and Technology, USSR Academy of Sciences, Leningrad, USSR

1991-127: FROM ANTI-GRAVITY TO ZERO-POINT ENERGY: A TECHNICAL REVIEW OF ADVANCED PROPULSION CONCEPTS; George D. Hathaway, Hathaway Consulting Services, 39 Kendal Ave., Toronto, Ontario, Canada M5R 1L5

1991-128: DESIGN CHARACTERISTICS OF THE VARIABLE ISP PLASMA ROCKET; F. R. Chang Diaz and T. F. Yang, M.I.T. Plasma Fusion Center, Cambridge, MA USA

1991-129: AN ICRF PLASMA HEATING EXPERIMENT IN THE TANDEM MIRROR PROPULSION DEVICE; T. F. Yang and S. Peng, MIT Plasma Fusion Center, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA; and F. R. Chang-Diaz, Astronaut Office, NASA, Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center, Houston, TX 77058, USA

1991-130: HIGH CURRENT PULSE HELIUM DISCHARGE AT HIGH PRESSURE; F. G. Bakst, A. M. Voronov, V. N. Zhuravlev, and F. G. Rutberg, VNIIElectromash, Leningrad

1991-132: A LOW ALTITUDE ION-PROPELLED REMOTE SENSING SPACECRAFT; J. Reale, Space Department, Defence Research Agency (Aerospace Division), Royal Aerospace Establishment, Farnborough, Hampshire, United Kingdom

1991-133: SYSTEMS ANALYSIS FOR AN OPERATIONAL EOTV; T. M. Miller, McDonnell Douglas Space Systems Company, Huntington Beach, California

1991-134: OPTIMAL ELECTRIC PROPULSION ORBITAL TRANSFER VEHICLE DESIGN; Y. A. Zakharov, Moscow Aviation Institute, Moscow, USSR

1991-143: PROBLEMS OF ELECTRIC PROPULSION ENDURANCE TESTS; V. I. Baranov, A. I. Vasin, and V. A. Petrosov, Research Institute for Thermal Processes, Moscow; and V. V. Zhurin, Front Range Research, Fort Collins, Colorado

1991-144: SYSTEM PROGRAMMATIC ASPECTS OF THE ION PROPULSION PACKAGE ONBOARD THE ARTEMIS SATELLITE; M. Protto, M. Silvi, S. Greco, Alenia Spazio, H. Kellermeier, M.B.B.

1991-145: ION ENGINE SYSTEM DEVELOPMENT OF ETS-VI; S. Shimada, K. Satoh, Y. Gotoh, E. Nishida, and H. Takegahara, Space Systems Department, Kamakura Works, Mitsubishi Electric Corporation, Kamakura, Kanagawa, Japan; K. Nakamaru, H. Nagano, and K. Terada, National Space Development Agency of Japan, Minato-ku, Tokyo, Japan

1991-146: ELITE PROGRAM OVERVIEW; Major Ed Avila, OLAC Phillips Laboratory, Edwards Air Force Base, CA 93525-5000

1991-147: DEVELOPMENT OF MPD ACRJET SYSTEM EM FOR SFU-1; Yukio Shimizu and Kyoichiro Toki, Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, Kanagawa, Japan, Hiroshi Suzuki, Kazuo Uematsu, Takenori Otsuka, and Kotaro Shiina, Ishikawajima-Harima Heavy Industries Co. Ltd., Tokyo, Japana, and Yoshinori Kunii, Mitsubishi Electric Co., Kanagawa, Japan

1991-149: APPLICATION AND REVIEW OF THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE CLOSED DRIFT HALL THRUSTER; Joseph R. Wetch, and John L. Lawless, International Scientific Products, San Jose, CA 95134; 408-434-9500; and A. S. Koroteev, The Scientific Research Institute of Thermal Processes, Moscow, USSR

1991-150: DERATED ION THRUSTER DESIGN ISSUES; Michael J. Patterson and Vincent K. Rawlin, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Lewis Research Center

1991-151: NEUTRALIZER OPTIMIZATION; Michael J. Patterson, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Lewis Research Center, and Kayhan Mohajeri, Department of Physics, Purdue University

1991-152: THE USE OF SUPERCONDUCTIN MAGNETS FOR PLASMA THRUSTERS; D. E. Gonzalez and G. r. Karr, The University of Alabama in Huntsville, Mechanical Engineering Dept., Huntsville, AL 35899

1991-153: THE ADVANCED PROPULSION SPACE TEST FACILITIES AT AEA TECHNOLOGY, CULHAM LABORATORY; M. S. Harvey & Staff of Space Applications Department, AEA Technology, Culham Laboratory, Abingdon, Oxon OX14 3DB, UK

1991-154: ELECTROSTATIC PROPULSION USING C60 MOLEULES; Stephanie D. Leifer, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91109; and Winston A. Saunders, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125

1991-155: ARCJET TEST MISSION (ARTEMIS) ON EURECA; Dieter M. Zube, Bernd Glocker, Helmut L. Kurtz, and Ernst W. Messerschmid, Institut für Raumfahrtsysteme, Universität Stuttgart, 7000 Stuttgart 80, F. R. Germany