1993 Index

1993-001: DEVELOPMENT AND APPLICATION OF ELECTRIC PROPULSION THRUSTERS IN RUSSIA; A. Bober and N. Maslennikov, FAKEL Enterprises, Kaliningrad, Russia; M. Day, Space Systems/Loral, Palo Alto, CA; G. Popov and Yu. Rylov, Moscow Aviation Institute, Moscow, Russia

1993-002: OVERVIEW OF THE BALLISTIC MISSILE DEFENSE ORGANIZATION’S ELECTRIC PROPULSION PROGRAM; Leonard H. Caveny, Ballistic Missile Defense Organization, Innovative Science and Technology, Washington, DC 20301-7100; Francis M. Curran, NASA Lewis Research Center, Cleveland, Ohio 44135; and John R. Brophy, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California 91109

1993-003: EUROPEAN ELECTRIC PROPULSION ACTIVITIES IN THE ERA OF APPLICATION; C. Bartoli and G. Saccoccia, ESA Technical Directorate, ESTEC, Noordwijk, The Netherlands

1993-004: AN OVERVIEW OF THE AIR FORCE’S ELECTRIC PROPULSION PROGRAM; David R. Perkins, Phillips Laboratory, Edwards AFB, California

1993-005: REVIEW OF ELECTRIC PROPULSION ACTIVITIES IN JAPAN; Y. Arakawa, University of Toyko, Tokyo, Japan

1993-007: FLIGHT QUALIFICATIONS OF A 1.8 KW HYDRAZINE ARCJET SYSTEM; R. D. Smith, S. E. Yano, K. Armbruster, and C. R. Roberts, Rocket Research Company, Redmond, WA USA; D. A. Lichtin and J. W. Beck, Martin Marietta Astro Space, Princeton, NJ, USA

1993-008: DEVELOPMENT AND QUALIFICATION TEST OF A SPT ELECTRIC PROPULSION SYSTEM FOR “GALS” SPACECRAFT; A. Bober, K. Kozubsky, G. Komarow, and N. Maslennikov, FAKEL, Kaliningrad Region, Russia; A. Kozlov and A. Romashko, NPO PM, Krasnoyarsk 26, Russia

1993-009: DEVELOPMENT OF ION ENGINE SYSTEM FOR ETS-VI; S. Shimada, K. Satoh, Y. Gotoh, E. Nishida, I. Terukina, and T. Noro, Mitsubishi Electric Corporation, Japan; H. Takegahara, Tokyo Metropolitan Institute of Technology, Hino, Tokyo, Japan; K. Nakamaru and H. Nagano, National Space Development Agency of Japan, Minato-ku, Tokyo, Japan

1993-010: DESIGN, QUALIFICATION, AND ON-ORBIT PERFORMANCE OF THE ATLAS PLASMA CONTRACTOR; J. R. Beattie, Hughes Research Laboratories, Malibu, California; J. A. Marshall, J. L. Burch, and W. C. Gibson, Southwest Research Institute, San Antonio, Texas

1993-011: ELECTRIC PROPULSION INTEGRATION ACTIVITIES ON THE MSTI SPACECRAFT; D. A. Barnhart, J. M. McCombe, and D. L. Tilley, Air Force Phillips Laboratory, Edwards A.F.B., CA

1993-012: LOW POWER ARCJET SYSTEM DESCRIPTION FOR NORTH-SOUTH STATION KEEPING; W. D. Deininger, M. Vulpiani, E. Tosti, and R. Di Stefano, BPD Difesa e Spazio, Colleferro, Italy, E. Detoma and S. Ferrari, FIAT CIEI (SEPA), Torino, Italy, and M. F. Rossi, ASI, Rome, Italy

1993-013: ARCJET PROPULSION SYSTEM STUDY FOR NSSK; F. Scortecci, L d’Agostino, F. d’Auria, and M. Andrenucci, CENTROSPAZIO, Pisa 56014, Italy

1993-015: APPLICATION OF ION PROPULSION SYSTEM TO COMMUNICATIONS SATELLITES; F. Porte, P. Saint-Aubert, D. Mawby, and J. Hsing, Matra Marconi Space, Intelsat  Washington D.C.

1993-016: SPACE-BORNE ASTRONOMICAL GRAVITY-WAVE INTERFEROMETER MISSION (SAGITTARIOUS): THE FIELD EMISSION ELECTRIC PROPULSION (FEEP) OPTION; C. Bartoli, J. Gonzalez, and G. Saccoccia, ESTC, Noordwijk, The Netherlands; M. Andrenucci, University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy; and S. Marcuccio and A. Genovese, CENTROSPAZIO, Pisa, Italy

1993-017: PLASMA THRUSTERS FOR LOW FLYING SATELLITES: A SPACE TELEPHONE SYSTEM APPLICATION; G. A. Dahlen, P. J. Baum, and D.Y. Cheng

1993-018: THE SELECTION FOR NSSK CONTROL SYSTEM OF GEOSYNCHRONUS SATELLITES; Han-Ji Wu, Xue-Zhang Feng, Center for Space Science & Applied Research, Academia Sinica, Beijing 100080, P. R. China

1993-019: ENGINEERING METHODS OF HOLLOW CATHODE CALCULATION; E. P. Vaulin, M. V. Kirushkina, L. A. Latyshev, V. B. Tikhonou, and E. A. Filatova

1993-020: EXTENDED TEST OF A XENON HOLLOW CATHODE FOR A SPACE PLASMA CONTACTOR; Timothy R. Sarver-Verhey, Sverdrup Technology, Inc., NASA Lewis Research Center Group, Brook Park, OH 44142

1993-021: ON THE MECHANISM AND SOME PECULIARITIES OF THE EROSION OF THE ACTIVE SURFACE IN CATHODE-COMPENSATOR OF ELECTRIC PROPULSION; I. M. Yartsev and V. P. Polistchook, Institute for High Temperatures Academy of Science, Moscow, Russia; and V. A. Petrosov, The Scientific-Research Institute of Thermal Processes, Moscow, Russia

1993-022: LOCAL EROSION OF THE CATHODE-COMPENSATOR IN ELECTRIC PROPULSION; V. P. Polistchook and I. M. Yartsev, Institute for High Temperatures, Academy of Science, Moscow, Russia; and V. A. Petrosov, The Scientific Research Institute of Thermal Processes, Moscow, Russia

1993-023: CHARACTERISTICS OF IONS EMITTED FROM HIGH-CURRENT HOLLOW CATHODES; Ikuya Kameyama and Paul J. Wilbur, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO 80523

1993-024: THEORETICAL MODELING OF ORIFICED, HOLLOW CATHODE DISCHARGES; A. Salhi and P. J. Turchi, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio

1993-025: EXPERIMENTAL INVESTIGATION OF A HOLLOW CATHODE DISCHARGE; A. Salhi, R. M. Myers, and P. J. Turchi, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio

1993-026: THE STUDY OF THE PHYSICS OF HOLLOW CATHODE DISCHARGES; A. K. Malik, Imperial College, London, UK; and D. G. Feam, Defence Research Agency, Farnborough, Hampshire, UK

1993-028: CATHODE EROSION RESEARCH ON MEDIUM TO HIGH POWER ARCJET THRUSTERS; W. J. Harris, E. A. O’Hair, L. L. Hatfield, and M. Kristiansen, Pulsed Power and Electric Propulsion Laboratory, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, TX 79409

1993-029: HIGH CURRENT CATHODE THERMAL BEHAVIOR, PART II: EXPERIMENTS; J. E. Polk, K. D. Goodfellow, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California

1993-030: HIGH CURRENT CATHODE THERMAL BEHAVIOR, PART I: THEORY; K. D. Goodfellow and J. E. Polk, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California

1993-032: C60 MOLECULE AS A PROPELLANT FOR ELECTRIC PROPULSION; Haruki Takegahara and Yoshinori Nakayama, Department of Aerospace Engineering, Tokyo Metropolitan Institute of Technology, 6-6, Asahigaoka, Hino, Tokyo, 191, Japan

1993-033: EXPERIMENTAL INVESTIGATION OF FULLERENE PROPELLANT FOR ION PROPULSION; John R. Anderson and Dennis Fitzgerald, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California

1993-036: DEVELOPMENT OF A MICROWAVE RESONANT CAVITY ELECTROTHERMAL THRUSTER PROTOTYPE; D. J. Sullivan and M. M. Micci, Propulsion Engineering Research Center, Department of Aerospace Engineering, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, USA

1993-037: PLUME CHARACTERISTICS OF AN ECR PLASMA THRUSTER; D. A. Kaufman and D. G. Goodwin, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California

1993-038: ANALYSIS AND EXPERIMENTS OF A WHISTLER-WAVE PLASMA THRUSTER; E. B. Hooper, S. W. Ferguson, M. A. Makowski, and B. W. Stallard, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, CA 94551; and John L. Power, NASA Lewis Research Center, Cleveland, OH 44135

1993-040: MICROWAVE PLASMA CONTRACTOR; Hitoshi Kuninaka, Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, Yoshinodai, Sagamihara, Kanagawa, Japan; Nobuo Hiroe, Kazuto Kitaoka, and Yoshio Ishikawa, Nihon University, Narashinodai, Funabashi, Chiba, Japan; and Kazutaka Nishiyama, University of Tokyo, Hongo, Bunkyo, Tokyo, Japan

1993-041: PLASMA CONTACTOR DEVICE BASED ON HOLLOW CATHODE TECHNOLOGY FOR SPACECRAFTS CHARGING NEUTRALIZATION AND TETHERED SYSTEM APPLICATIONS: REVIEW OF ITALIAN NATIONAL PROGRAM; G. F. Cirri, G. Matticari, M. Minucci, G. Noci, A. Severi, and P. Amatulli, Proel Tecnologie – Firenze (Italy); and F. Svelto, ASI (Italian Space Agency), Roma (Italy)

1993-042: HOLLOW CATHODE HEATER DEVELOPMENT FOR THE SPACE STATION PLASMA CONTACTOR; George C. Soulas, Sverdrup Technology, Inc., NASA Lewis Research Center Group, Brook Park, Ohio

1993-043: DESIGN OF A HIGH EFFICIENCY POWER PROCESSOR FOR THE RUSSIAN STATIONARY PLASMA THRUSTER (SPT); G. Fischer, T. Colbert, and M. Day, Space Systems/Loral, Palo Alto, CA, USA; J. Kahn and  H. Kaufman, Front Range Research, Fort Collings, CO, USA; K. Kozubsky, and V. Sokolov, Fakel Enterprises, Kaliningrad Region, Russia

1993-044: POWER  ELECTRONICS DEVELOPMENT FOR THE SPT-100 THRUSTER; John A. Hamley, Gerald M. Hill, and John M. Sankovic, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Lewis Research Center, Cleveland, Ohio 44135

1993-045: ARCJET POWER CONDITIONING UNIT: DESIGN CHARACTERISTICS AND PRELIMINARY TESTS; G. Botto and M. Carpita, Ansaldo Ricerchi, Corso Perrone 118, 16161, Genova, Italy; G. Parisi and E. Detoma, FIAT-CIEI, Corso G. Cesare 294, 10154 Torino, Italy; and W. Deininger, BPD Difesa e Spazio, Corso Garibaldi 22, 00034 Colleferro, Roma, Italy

1993-046: A 1.8 kW STATIC ARCJET SIMULATOR; E. Detoma and G. Parisi, FIAT CIEI, SEPA, Corso Giulio Cesare, 300 – 10154 Torino To (Italy); and W. Deininger, BPD Difesa e Spazio, Corso Garibaldi, 22 – 00034 Colleferro Rm (Italy)

1993-047: DEVELOPMENT OF A LOW POWER CONTROL UNIT FOR LOW POWER ARCJET; H. Willenbockel, G. Matthaeus, and M. A. Kinnersley, ERNO Raumfahrttechnik GmbH, Deutsche Aerospace AG, Trauen, Germany

1993-048: THE DESIGN, FABRICATION, AND TEST OF A 26 KW ARCJET AND POWER CONDITIONING UNIT; C. E. Vaughan and R. J. Cassady, Rocket Research Company, Redmond, WA 98073; and J. R. Fisher, Pacific Electro Dynamics, Redmond, WA 98073

1993-049: ACHIEVING RELIABLE, REPEATABLE STARTS OF A 26 KW ARCJET; R. S. Aadland, W. A. Hoskins, and C. E. Vaughan, Rocket Research Company, Redmond, WA 98073; and R. J. Kay, Pacific Electro Dynamics, Redmond, WA 98073

1993-052: DEVELOPMENT OF A POWER ELECTRONICS UNIT FOR THE SPACE STATION PLASMA CONTACTOR; John A. Hamley, Gerald M. Hill and Michael J. Patterson, NASA Lewis Research Center, Cleveland, Ohio; Joseph Saggio Jr. and Fred Terdan, Analex Corporation, Cleveland, Ohio; and Justin D. Mansell, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio

1993-053: POWER PROCESSING UNITS FOR HIGH POWERED NUCLEAR ELECTRIC PROPULSION WITH MPD THRUSTERS; Robert H. Frisbee, Radhe S. L. Das, and Stanley Krauthamer, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91109

1993-054: SPACE SURVEILLANCE TRACK AND AUTONOMOUS REPOSITION (SSTAR) EXPERIMENT; Lt. Col. S. A. Sneegas, Phillips Laboratory, Kirtland AFB, New Mexico, R. A. Rosenthal, TRW, Redondo Beach, California, and Dr. R. J. Vondra, Phillips Laboratory/ UDRI, Kirtland AFB, New Mexico

1993-055: NEPSTP – AN INTERNATIONAL TESTBED FOR XENON ELECTRIC PROPULSION; Gregg A. Herbert and Glen E. Cameron, The Johns Hopkins University, Applied Physics Laboratory, Laurel, Maryland 20723; and Leonard H. Caveny, Ballistic Missile Defense Organization, Washington, DC 20301-7100

1993-056: DEVELOPMENT AND UTILIZATION OBJECTIVES OF A LOW-POWER ARCJET FOR THE P3-D (OSCAR) SATELLITE; Ernst W. Messerschmid, Dieter M. Zube, and Helmut l. Kurtz, Institut für Raumfahrtsysteme, Universität Stuttgart, Paffenwaldring 31, D-70550 Stuttgart, Federal Republic of Germany; and Kari Meinzer, AMSAT Deutschland e. V., Holderstrauch 10, D-35041 Marburg, Federal Republic of Germany

1993-057: OVERVIEW OF THE AIR FORCE ESEX FLIGHT EXPERIMENT; A. M. Sutton, Phillips Laboratory (AFMC), Edwards AFB, California, USA

1993-058: DEVELOPMENT OF AN MPD THRUSTER SYSTEM FOR THE EPEX SPACE TEST; K. Toki, Y. Shimizu, and K. Kuriki, Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, Kanagawa, Japan; H. Suzuki, Ishikawajima-Harima Heavy Industries Co., Ltd. Tokyo, Japan, and Y. Kunii, Mitsubishi Electric Corporation, Kanagawa, Japan

1993-059: ION PROPULSION: A KEY ENABLER ON ESA’S DRTM PROGRAMME, H. Bassner, Deutsche Aerospace AG, Ottobrunn; M. Silvi, Alenia Spazio, Rome; L. v. Holtz and C. Bartoli, ESTEC, Noordwijk

1993-061: ELECTRIC PROPULSION: THE NEXT REAL BREAKTHROUGH IN SPACE TRANSPORTATION; Robert L. Sackheim and Richard Rosenthal, TRW Space and Electronics Group, Redondo Beach, California

1993-063: TROPIX: A SOLAR ELECTRIC PROPULSION FLIGHT EXPERIMENT; J. Mark Hickman and G. Barry Hillard, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Lewis Research Center, Cleveland, Ohio 44135; Steven R. Oleson, Sverdrup Technology, Inc., Lewis Research Center Group, Brook Park, Ohio 44142

1993-064: NEP EARLY FLIGHT PROGRAM: SYSTEM PERFORMANCE AND DEVELOPMENT CONSIDERATIONS; Michael P. Doherty and Jeffrey A. George, NASA Lewis Research Center, Cleveland, Ohio

1993-065: POTENTIAL NASA EARLY FLIGHT NUCLEAR ELECTRIC PROPULSION MISSIONS; Harvey S. Bloomfield, NASA Lewis Research Center, Cleveland, Ohio

1993-066: NUMERICAL CALCULATIONS OF A CYLINDRICAL MPD THRUSTER; P. C. Sleziona, M. Auweter-Kurtz, and H. O. Schrade; Institut für Raumfahrtsysteme Universität Stuttgart, FRG

1993-068: SPACE CHARGE INSTABILITY, CURRENT CHOPPING AND ANOMALOUS TRANSPORT IN STATIONARY MPD THRUSTER FLOWS; H. P. Wagner, M. Auweter-Kurtz, and E. W. Messerschmid, Institut für Raumfahrtsysteme (IRS), Universität Stuttgart, FRG

1993-069: NONLINEAR DEVELOPMENT OF SPACE CHARGE INSTABILITY IN MPD-THRUSTER FLOWS; M. Maurer, MAN Technologie AG, Munich, Germany; H. J. Kaeppeler, Institut für Raumfahrtsysteme (IRS), Universität Stuttgart, Germany

1993-071: IONIZATION RATE MODELS AND INLET IGNITION IN SELF-FIELD MPD THRUSTERS; E. J. Sheppard and M. Martinez-Sanchez, Space Power and Propulsion Lab, Department of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139, U.S.A.

1993-072: NUMERICAL FLUID SIMULATION OF AN MPD THRUSTER WITH REAL GEOMETRY; G. Caldo, E. Y. Choueiri, A. J. Kelly, and R. G. Jahn, Electric Propulsion and Plasma Dynamics Laboratory, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey 08544, USA

1993-073: ANALYTICAL STUDY ON NONEQUILIBRIUM FLOWS IN SELF-FIELD MPD THRUSTERS; T. Shoji, K. Ogiwara, and I. Kimura, Department of Aeronautics and Astronautics, School of Engineering, Tokai University, Hiratsuka, Kanagawa, Japan

1993-074: NUMERICAL SIMULATION OF CYLINDRICAL, SELF-FIELD MPD THRUSTERS WITH MULTIPLE PROPELLANTS; Michael R. LaPointe, Sverdrup Technology, Inc. LeRC Group, Brook Park, OH 44142

1993-076: RESEARCH OF PLASMA ACCELERATION PROCESSES IN SELF-FIELD AND APPLIED MAGNETIC FIELD THRUSTERS; V. B. Tikhonov and S. A. Semenihin, Moscow Aviation Institute; V. A. Alexandrov, G. A. Dyakonov, and G. A. Popov, Research Institute of Applied Mechanics and Electrodynamics, Moscow Aviation Institute

1993-077: PLASMA FLOW INVESTIGATION IN MPD-THRUSTER; N. Barabanov, Moscow Aviation Institute, Russia

1993-078: DESIGN AND DEVELOPMENT OF A 3 TO 10 kW AMMONIA ARCJET; K. D. Goodfellow and J. E. Polk, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California

1993-079: HIGH SPECIFIC POWER AMMONIA AND HYDROGEN ARCJET DEVELOPMENT; G. Aston, J. B. Kolts, and M. B. Aston, Electric Propulsion Laboratory, Inc., Monument, CO 80132

1993-081: A REVIEW OF THE ESA ASTP-3 MPD/ARCJET DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM (1988-1993); W. D. Deininger, BPD Difesa e Spazio, Colleferro, Italy; M. Andrenucci, Centrospazio, Pisa, Italy, and G. Saccoccia, European Space Agency (ESA/ESTEC), Noordwijk, The Netherlands

1993-082: PERFORMANCE TESTING OF A 1 kW ARCJET THRUSTER USING HYDRAZINE; R. Di Stefano, W. D. Deininger, and E. Tosti, BPD Difesa e Spazio, Colleferro, Italy; and K. Armbruster, Rocket Research Company, Redmond, WA, USA

1993-083: INTERMITTENT OPERATION OF A LOW POWER ARCJET; Tetsuya Yamada, Yoshihiro Iwamoto, Kazuhiko Ogiwara, Kyoichiro Toki, and Kyoichi Kuriki, Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, Kanagawa, Japan

1993-084: EXPERIEMENTAL INVESTIGATION ON ARCJETS PERFORMANCE AND POSSIBLE APPLICATION TO CURRENT MISSION CONCEPTS WITH LOW-POWER AVAILABILITY; F. Scorteci and F. Paganucci, Centrospazio, Pisa, Italy; G. Saccoccia and J. Gonzalez, ESA/ESTEC, Noordwijk, The Netherlands

1993-087: DEVELOPMENT AND DEMONSTRATION OF A 600 SECOND MISSION AVERAGE ARCJET; Paul G. Lichon, Rocket Research Company, Redmond, WA 98073; and John M. Sankovic, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Lewis Research Center, Cleveland, OH 44135

1993-088: DEVELOPMENT OF A 10 kWe/N RADIATIVELY-COOLED ARCJET TECHNOLOGY; E. Tosti and W. D. Deininger, BPD Difesa e Spazio, Colleferro, Italy

1993-091: PERFORMANCE EVALUATION AND LIFE TESTING OF THE SPT-100; Charles E. Garner, James E. Polk, Lewis C. Pless, Keith D. Goodfellow, and John R. Brophy, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91109

1993-092: EFFECT OF BACKGROUND NITROGEN AND OXYGEN ON INSULATOR EROSION IN THE SPT-100; J. Kahn and V. Zhurin, Front Range Research, Fort Collins, CO; K. Kozubsky, Fakel Enterprise, Kaliningrad on Baltic Sea, Russia; T. Randolph, Space System/Loral, Palo Alto, CA; V. Kim, RIAME at Moscow Aviation Institute, Moscow, Russia

1993-093: FACILITY EFFECTS ON STATIONARY PLASMA THRUSTER TESTING; T. Randolph and M. Day, Space Systems/Loral, Palo Alto, CA, USA; V. Kim, Research Institute of Applied Mechanics and Electrodynamics, Moscow, Russia; H. Kaufman and V. Zhurin, Front Range Research, Fort Collins, CO, USA; and K. Kozubsky, Fakel, Kaliningrad Region, Russia

1993-094: PERFORMANCE EVALUATION OF THE RUSSIAN SPT-100 THRUSTER AT NASA LeRC; John M. Sankovic, John A. Hamley, and Thomas W. Haag, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Lewis Research Center, Cleveland, Ohio 44135

1993-095: DYNAMIC CHARACTERISTICS OF CLOSED DRIFT THRUSTER; V. Zhurin, J. Kahn, and H. Kaufman, Front Range Research, Fort Collins, Colorado; K. Kozubsky, Fakel Enterprise, Kaliningrad on Baltic Sea, Russia; and M. Day, Space Systems Loral, Palo Alto, California

1993-096: STATIONARY PLASMA THRUSTER PLUME CHARACTERISTICS; Roger M. Myers and David H. Manzella, Sverdrup Technology, Inc. NASA Lewis Research Center Group, Brookpark, OH 44142

1993-097: STATIONARY PLASMA THRUSTER PLUME EMISSIONS; David H. Manzella, Sverdrup Technology Inc., Lewis Research Center Group, Brook Park, Ohio 44142

1993-098: PRELIMINARY FAR-FIELD PLUME SPUTTERING CHARACTERIZATION OF THE STATIONARY PLASMA THRUSTER (SPT-100); Eric J. Pencil, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Lewis Research Center, Cleveland, Ohio 44135

1993-099: PREDICTION OF ELECTRIC THRUSTER LIFETIME; V. I. Baranov, A. I. Vasin, A. A. Kalyaev, and V. A. Petrosov, The Scientific-Research Institute of Thermal Processes, Moscow, Russia

1993-100: ELECTRIC ROCKET ENGINE ACCELERATED TEST CONCEPT; V. I. Baranov, A. I. Vasin, A. A. Kalyaev, and V. A. Petrosov, The Scientific-Research Institute of Thermal Processes, Moscow, Russia

1993-101: STATIONARY PLASMA THRUSTER (SPT) DEVELOPMENT STEPS AND FUTURE PERSPECTIVES; A. J. Morozov, Kurchatov Institute, Moscow, Russia

1993-102: FLIGHT TEST RESULTS OF THE RITA EXPERIMENT ON EURECA; H. Bassner, H. P. Berg, R. Kukies, and H. Müller, DASA, Munich, Germany

1993-104: A COMPREHENSIVE TEST AND EVALUATION PROGRAM FOR THE UK-10 ION ENGINE; M. W. Crofton, Technology Operations, Mechanics & Materials, M5/754, PO Box 92957, The Aerospace Corporation, Los Angeles, California 90009

1993-105: RECENT ION THRUSTER DEVELOPMENTS AT GIESSEN UNIVERSITY; K. H. Groh, P. Fahrenbach, and H. W. Loeb, Institute of Physics, University of Giessen, Heinrich-Buff-Ring 16, 6300 Giessen, Germany

1993-106: FLIGHT QUALIFICATION OF AN 10-mN XENON ION THRUSTER; J. R. Beattie, J. D. Williams, and R. R.  Robson, Hughes Research Laboratories, Malibu, California 90265

1993-107: LOW THRUST ION PROPULSION: DEVELOPMENT ACTIVITIES AT PROEL TECNOLOGIE; G. F. Cirri, G. Matticari, and G. Noci, Proel Tecnologie, Firenze (Italy); G. Perrotta, Alenia Spazio, Roma (Italy), M. F. Rossi and J. Sabbagh, ASI (Italian Space Agency), Roma (Italy)

1993-108: PERFORMANCE OF THE NASA 30 CM ION THRUSTER; Michael J. Patterson and Thomas W. Haag, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Lewis Research Center, Cleveland, Ohio; and Scot A. Hovan, Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Dayton, Dayton, Ohio

1993-109: REVIEW OF QUALIFICATION ACTIVITIES ON THE NEUTRALIZER FOR THE RIT 10 ION THRUSTER; G. F. Cirri, A. Cipriani, G. Matticari, and A. Severi, Proel Tecnologie, Firenze (Italy); C. Bartoli, G. Saccoccia, and H. Von Rohden, ESA/ESTEC Electric Propulsion Unit, Noordwijk, The Netherlands

1993-110: OPERATING CHARACTERISTICS OF A 15-cm-dia. ION ENGINE FOR SMALL PLANETARY SPACECRAFT; John R. Brophy, Lewis C. Pless, Juergen Mueller, and John R. Anderson, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California

1993-111: COMPARISON OF EROSION OF CARBON-CARBON AND MOLYBDENUM ION OPTICS; J. S. Meserole and D. E. Hedges, Boeing Defense & Space Group, Seattle, WA 98124

1993-112: FABRICATION OF CARBON-CARBON GRIDS FOR ION OPTICS; Juergen Mueller, David K. Brown, Charles E. Garner, and John R. Brophy, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91109

1993-115: PERFORMANCE OF HOT CATHODE MPD THRUSTERS; F. Paganucci and M. Andrenucci, Centrospazio, Pisa, Italy

1993-116: EVALUATION OF EXTERNALLY HEATED PULSED MPD THRUSTER CATHODES; Roger M. Myers, Sverdrup Technology, Inc. NASA Lewis Research Center Group, Brook Park, OH 44135; Matthew Domonkos, The University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM 87131; and Alec D. Gallimore, The University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109

1993-117: HIGH-CURRENT STATIONARY PLASMA ACCELERATOR OF HIGH POWER; V. P. Ageyev and V. G. Ostrovsky, Scientific-Production Association “Energiya,” Kaliningrad, Moscow Region, Russia; and V. A. Petrosov, The Scientific-Research Institute of Thermal Processes, Moscow, Russia

1993-118: CONTROL AND MINIMIZATION OF ANODE FALL IN A QUASI-STEADY NOZZLE-BASED COAXIAL PLASMA THRUSTER; J. T. Scheuer, R. P. Hoyt, K. F. Schoenberg, R. A. Gerwin, R. W. Moses, and I. Henins, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM; R. M. Mayo and D. C. Black, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC

1993-119: DEVELOPMENT OF A SUPERCONDUCTING ELECTROMAGNET FOR APPLIED FIELD ARCJET THRUSTERS; F. Scortecci and G. Capecchi, CENTROSPAZIO, Pisa, Italy; M. Andrenucci, University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy; G. Mei and R. Garre, EUROPA METALLI-LMI, Fornaci di Barga, Lucca, Italy

1993-120: ROLE OF ANODE THROAT IN MPD ARCJET; I. Funaki, K. Toki, and K. Kuriki, Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, Kanagawa, Japan

1993-122: EXPERIMENTAL COMPARISON OF STEADY STATE NOZZLE TYPE AND CYLINDRICAL MPD THRUSTERS AT HIGH CURRENT LEVELS; Thomas Wegmann, Monika Auweter-Kurtz, Harald Habiger, Helmut L. Kurtz, and Herbert O. Schrade, Institut für Raumfahrtsysteme, Universität Stuttgart, FRG

1993-123: OPTICAL DIAGNOSTICS OF HIGH CURRENT PULSED ARC IN HIGH DENSITY GAS; A. M. Voronov and V. N. Zhuraviev, IPE RAS, 18 Dvortsovaya nab., St. Petersburg, 191065, Russia

1993-124: ELECTROSTATIC PROBES FOR THE INVESTIGATION OF ARC-DRIVEN ELECTRIC PROPULSION DEVICES; H. A. Habiger, M. Auweter-Kurtz, and H. Kurtz, Universität Stuttgart, Stuttgart, Germany

1993-125: MICROINSTABILITES IN HIGH POWER MPD SYSTEMS: PRELIMINARY DIAGNOSTICS, Erik C. Bowman and Dennis L. Tilley

1993-126: CHAMBER EFFECTS ON PLUME EXPANSION FOR A LOW-POWER HYDROGEN ARCJET; Iain D. Boyd, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853; Doug R. Beattie and Mark A. Cappelli, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305

1993-127: LASER-INDUCED FLUORESCENCE MEASUREMENTS ON THE PLUME FROM A 1 kW ARCJET OPERATED ON SIMULATED AMMONIA; W. M. Ruyten, University of Tennessee-Calspan, Center for Space Transportation and Applied Research, Tullahoma, Tennessee, 37388-8897; D. Burtner and D. Keefer, Center for Laser Applications; University of Tennessee Space Institute, Tullahoma, Tennessee, 37388-8897

1993-128: TIME RESOLVED MEASUREMENTS OF 1 kW ARCJET PLUMES USING CURRENT MODULATION VELOCIMETRY AND TRIPLE LANGMUIR PROBES; Jeffrey A. Pobst, John H. Schilling, and Daniel A. Erwin, University of Southern California, Department of Aerospace Engineering, Los Angeles, California 90089-1191; Ronald A. Spores, OL-AC Phillips Laboratory, Edwards Air Force Base, California 93524

1993-129: VIBRATIONAL NON-EQUILIBRIUM IN ARCJET FLOWS; V. Babu, S. Aithal, and V. V. Subramaniam, Department of Mechancial Engineering, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio 43210

1993-130: THE USE OF PULSED ELECTRON BEAM FLUORESCENCE FOR ARCJET PLUME DIAGNOSTICS; John H. Schilling, Jeffrey A. Pobst, and Daniel A. Erwin, University of Southern California, Department of Aerospace Engineering, Los Angeles, CA 90089-1191

1993-131: LIF MEASUREMENTS OF SPECIIES VELOCITIES IN AN ARCJET PLUME; John G. Liebeskind, Ronald K. Hanson, and Mark A. Cappelli, High Temperature Gasdynamics Laboratory, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305

1993-132: ARCJET PLUME STUDIES USING MOLECULAR BEAM MASS SPECTROMETRY; James E. Polland, The Aerospace Corporation, Mechanics & Materials Technology Center, P.O. Box 92937-M5/754, Los Angeles, CA 90009

1993-133: OPTICAL MEASUREMENT AND NUMERICAL ANALYSIS OF MEDIUM-POWER ARCJET NON-EQUILIBRIUM FLOWFIELDS; H. Tahara, N. Uda, K. Onoe, Y. Tsubakishita, and T. Yoshikawa, Faculty of Engineering Science, Osaka University, Toyonaka, Osaka, Japan

1993-134: EMISSION SPECTROSCOPY OF 1 kWe ARCJET OPERATING WITH SIMULATED HYDRAZINE; E. Tosti and W. D. Deininger, BPD Difesa e Spazio, Colleferro, Italy

1993-135: EFFECTS OF NOZZLE GEOMETRY ON PLUME EXPANSION FOR SMALL THRUSTERS; Donna Zelesnik, Ohio Aerospace Institute, Brook Park, Ohio; Paul F. Penko, NASA Lewis Research Center, Cleveland, Ohio; and Iain D. Boyd, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York

1993-136: INVESTIGATION OF A VERY LOW POWER PULSED ARCJET; Gary F. Willmes and Rodney L. Burton, Department of Aeronautical and Astronautical Engineering, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL 61801

1993-137: NUMERICAL MODELLING OF RAREFIELD PLASMA PLUME IN NEUTRAL ENVIRONMENT GAS; A. M. Bishaev, V. K. Kalashnikov, and V. Kim, Research Institute of Applied Mechanics and Electrodynamics, Moscow, Russia

1993-138: PLASMA EXPANSION IN A LOW-POWER MPD THRUSTER WITH VARIABLE MAGNETIC NOZZLE; T. M. York and H. Kamhawi, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio 43210

1993-141: MPD THRUSTER PLUME DIAGNOSTICS; M. Andrenucci, University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy; F. Paganucci and A. Turco, CENTROSPAZIO, Pisa, Italy

1993-142: MODELLING OF ION THRUSTER PLUME CONTAMINATION; R. I. Samanta Roy and D. E. Hastings, Space Power and Propulsion Laboratory, Department of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139; N. A. Gatsonis, Applied Physics Laboratory, The Johns Hopkins University, Laurel, Maryland 20723

1993-143: OPTIONS AND TRADEOFFS FOR A SPACEBORNE ARCJET DIAGNOSTIC PACKAGE; S. Ferrari and E. Detoma, FIAT CIEI, SEPA, Corso Giulio Cesare, 300 – 10154 Tornino To (Italy); W. Deininger and E. Tosti, BPD Difesa e Spazio, Corso Garibaldi, 22 – 00034, Colleferro Roma (Italy); F. Scortecci and G. Capecchi, CONSORZIO PISA RICERCHI, CENTROSPAZIO, Via A. Gherardesca, 5-56014, Ospedaletto Pisa (Italy); J. J. Scialdone, NASA – Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, Maryland 20771 (U.S.A.)

1993-144: RADIO WAVE REFRACTION IN EXHAUST PLASMA PLUMES; F. F. Gabdullin, V. I. Garkusha, A. G. Korsun, and E. M. Tverdokhlebova, Central Research Institute of Machine-Building, Kaliningrad, Moscow Region, Russia

1993-145: RADIO WAVE REFRACTION IN EXHAUST PLASMA PLUMES; F. F. Gabdullin, V. I. Garkusha, A. G. Korsun, and E. M. Tverdokhlebova, Central Research Institute of Machine-Building, Kaliningrad, Moscow Region, Russia

1993-147: ELECTROMAGNETIC INTERFERANCE OF STATIONARY PLASMA THRUSTER; V. I. Brukhty, Scientific-Research Institute of Thermal Processes, Moscow, Russia; K. P. Kirdyashev, Institute of Radioengineering and Electronics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Fryazino, Moscow Region, Russia

1993-148: EXPERIMENTAL AND ANALYTICAL EVALUATION OF ELECTROMAGNETIC RADIATED EMISSIONS FROM ELECTRIC PROPOLUSION SYSTESM; K. P. Kidyashev, Russian Academy of Sciences, Institute of Radioengineering and Electronics, Fryasino, Moscow Region, Russia

1993-149: THE EFFECT OF ALKALI METAL ELECTRIC ROCKET ENGINES ON SPACECRAFT; V. I. Brukhty, V. N. Shutov, and A. B. Sminov, The Scientific-Research Institute of Thermal Processes, Moscow, Russia; M. P. Burgasov and A. A. Chirov, The Moscow Aviation Institute, Moscow, Russia

1993-150: A DOUBLE PENDULUM PRECISION THRUST MEASUREMENT BALANCE; T. F. Yang, Ping Liu, F. R. Chang-Diaz, Harvey Lander, R. A. Childs, H. D. Becker and S. A. Fairfax, MIT Plasma Fusion Center, Cambridge, MA 02139

1993-151: A LARGE HIGH VACUUM, HIGH PUMPING SPEED SPACE SIMULATION CHAMBER FOR ELECTRIC PROPULSION; Stanley P. Grisnik, NASA Lewis Research Center, Brookpark, OH; James E. Parkes, Sverdrup Technology, Inc., Brookpark, OH

1993-154: ION BEAM MODELING IN FEEP THRUSTERS; M. Andrenucci, University of Pisa, Pisa 56100, Italy; A. Ciucci and S. Marcuccio, CENTROSPAZIO, Pisa 56014, Italy

1993-155: EXPERIMENTAL PERFORMANCE OF CONTINUOUS AND PULSED FEEP THRUSTERS; S. Marcuccio and A. Genovese, CENTROSPAZIO, Pisa 56014, Italy; M. Andrenucci, University of Pisa, Pisa 56100, Italy

1993-156: FIELD EMISSION ELECTRIC PROPULSION (FEEP) SYSTEM STUDY; S. Marcuccio and A. Genovese, CENTROSPAZIO, Pisa 56104, Italy; M. Andrenucci, University of Pisa, Pisa 56100, Italy; C. Bartoli, J. Gonzalez, and G. Saccoccia, ESA/ESTEC, Noordwijk, The Netherlands

1993-157: FIELD EMISSION ELECTRIC PROPULSION: EXPERIMENTAL INVESTIGATIONS ON MICROTHRUST FEEP THRUSTERS; J. Gonzalez, G. Saccoccia, and H. von Rohden, ESA/ESTEC, Noordwijk, The Netherlands

1993-158: PROSPECTS OF MICROSTRUCTRED LIQUID METAL ION SOURCES (MILMIS) FOR FIELD EMISSION ELECTRIC PROPULSION (FEEP); J. Mitterauer, Technische Universität Wien, Institut für Allgemeine Elektrotechnik und Elektronik, Gusshausstrasse 27-29, 1040 Wien, Austria

1993-159: EXPERIMENTAL ANALYSIS OF A COAXIAL SOLID-PROPELLANT MPD THRUSTER WITH SEGMENTED ANODES; G. Paccani, Universita’ di Roma “La Sapienza, Rome, Italy

1993-160: DEVELOPMENT AND LABORATORY TEST OF EROSION PULSED PLASMA THRUSTER, DESIGNED FOR THE ATTITUDE CONTROL OF A GEOSTATIONARY SATELLITE; N. N. Antropov, G. A. Popov, A. I. Rudikov, Research Institute of Applied Mechanics and Electrodynamics of Moscow Aviation Institute, Moscow, Russia

1993-165: SEMI-EMPIRICAL INTERIOR BALLISTICS SIMULATION MODEL OF ARC HEATED LIGHT GAS GUN; A. M. Glukhov, IPERAS, 18 Dvortsovaya, St. Petersburg, 191065, Russia

1993-166: USE OF HYDROGEN ARCJET THRUSTERS FOR DIAMOND SYNTHESIS; Mark A. Cappelli, Michaela H. Loh, and John G. Liebeskind, High Temperature Gasdynamics Laboratory, Stanford University, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Stanford, CA 94305-3032

1993-167: ATOMIC OXYGEN SIMULATION USING MPD THRUSTER TECHNOLOGY; S. B. Gabriel, N. J. Wood, G. T. Roberts, and A. R. L. Tatnall, Dept. of Aeronautics and Astronautics, University of Southampton, Southampton, Hampshire, UK

1993-168: APPLICATIONS OF QUASI-STEADY MPD ACRJETS TO MATERIAL PROCESSINGS-CERAMIC COATINGS BY MEANS OF MPD SPRAY; H. Tahara, T. Tsubaki, Y. Kagaya, Y. Tsubakishita, and T. Yoshikawa, Osaka University, Osaka, Japan

1993-169: ION THRUSTER ENDURANCE TEST USING DEVELOPMENT MODEL THRUSTER FOR ETS-VI; S. Shimada, K. Satoh, Y. Gotoh, E. Nishida and T. Nora, Mitsubishi Electric Corporation, Japan; H. Takegahara, Tokyo Metropolitan Institute of Technology, Tokyo, Japan; H. Nagano and K. Nakamaru, National Space Development Agency of Japan

1993-170: 500 HOUR TESTS OF THE T5 ION THRUSTER WITH DUAL AND TRIPLE GRID EXTRACTION SYSTEMS; S. D. Watson, P. Hurford, A. R. Martin, C. R. Banks, R. W. Eaton, M. S. Harvey, W. E. F.L. Moulford, and A. J. Pearce, AEA Technology Space Applications, Culham Laboratory, Abingdon, Oxfordshire, OX14 3DB

1993-171: EROSION MEASUREMENTS FOR TWO AND THREE GRID ION THRUSTER EXTRACTION SYSTEMS; A. R. Martin, C. R. Banks, R. W. Eaton, P. Hurford, W. E. F. L. Moulford and A. J. Pearce, AEA Technology, Space Applications, F4 Culham, Abingdon, Oxon OX14 3DB, UK

1993-172: TEST TO FAILURE OF A TWO GRID 30cm dia ION ACCELERATOR SYSTEM; John R. Brophy, James E. Polk, and Lewis C. Pless; Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California

1993-173: CHARGE-EXCHANGE GRID EROSION STUDY FOR GROUND-BASED AND SPACE-BASED OPERATIONS OF ION THRUSTERS; Xiaohang Peng, Wilhelmus M. Ruyten, and Dennis Keefer, University of Tennessee-Calspan Center for Space Transportation and Applied Research, Tullahoma, Tennessee 37388

1993-174: EFFECTS OF DESIGN AND OPERATING CONDITIONS ON ACCELERATOR-GRID IMPINGEMENT CURRENT; Jeff M. Monheiser and Paul J. Wilbur, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO 80523

1993-175: EROSION CHARACTERISTICS OF TWO-GRID ION ACCELERATING SYSTEMS; V. Rawlin, NASA Lewis, Cleveland, OH

1993-176: PROBABILISTIC ANALYSIS OF ION ENGINE ACCELERATOR GRID LIFE; J. E. Polk, N. R. Moore, L. E. Newlin, J. R. Brophy, and D. H. Ebbeler, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California

1993-177: ION THRUSTER LIFETIME LIMITATIONS IMPOSED BY SPUTTERING PROCESSES; D. G. Fearn, Defence Research Agency, Farnborough, UK

1993-178: PARTICLE SIMULATION OF GRID EROSION FOR A THREE GRID ION THRUSTER; Quan Zhang, ERC, Inc., Tullahoma, Tennessee 37388; Xiaohang Peng and Dennis Keefer, University of Tennessee-Calspan Center for Space Transportation and Applied Research, University of Tennessee Space Institute, Tullahoma, Tennessee 37388

1993-179: EXTRACTION SYSTEM DESIGN AND MODELLING USING COMPUTER CODES; R. A. Bond and P. M. Latham, AEA Technology, Space Applications, Culham Laboratory, Abingdon, Oxon OX14 3DB, UK

1993-181: NUMERICAL SIMULATION OF THE PERFORMANCE OF A RADIATION-COOLED 1KW DC ARCJET THRUSTER; Hiroyuki Okamota and Michio Nishida, Department of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Kyushu University, Fukuoka 812, Japan; Ken-ichi Tanaka, Central Research Laboratory, Mitsubishi Electric Corporation, Amagasaki, Hyogo 661, Japan; and Alfred Beylich, Stosswellenlabor, Rheinisch-Westfälische Technische Hochschule Aachen, 5100 Aachen, Germany

1993-182: DEVELOPMENT OF A NUMERICAL MODEL OF THE NOZZLE FLOW IN LOW POWER ARCJET THRUSTERS; A. Ciucci, Centrospazio, Pisa, Italy; L. d’Agostino and M. Andrenucci, University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy

1993-183: ON THE EFFECTS OF SWIRL IN ARCJET THRUSTER FLOWS; V. Babu, S. Aithal, and V. V. Subramaniam, Department of Mechanical Engineering, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio 43210

1993-184: BEHAVIOR OF ARC COLUMN IN ARCJET CONSTRICTOR; Tetsuya Yamada, Kyoichiro Toki, and Kyoichi Kuriki, Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, Kanagawa, Japan

1993-185: ANODE HEAT LOSS AND CURRENT DISTRIBUTION IN DC ARCJETS; K. Fujita and Y. Arakawa, Department of Aeronautics and Astronautics, University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan

1993-186: EFFECT OF A PULSED MAGNETIC FIELD ON ARCJET OPERATION; Nicholas T. Tiliakos and Rodney L. Burton, Department of Aeronautical and Astronautical Engineering, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL 61801

1993-187: PERFORMANCE CALCULATION OF ARCJET THRUSTERS – THE THREE CHANNEL MODEL; B. Glocker, H. O. Schrade, and M. Auweter-Kurtz; Institut für Raumfahrtsysteme, Universität Stuttgart

1993-189: THEORETICAL MODELING OF MAGNETOPLASMADYNAMIC ARCJETS; Pavlos G. Mikellides and Peter J. Turchi, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH; and Norman F. Roderick, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM

1993-190: THRUST PRODUCTION THEORY OF ELECTROMAGNET/THERMAL HYBRID ARCJETS; A. Sasoh, Tohoku University, Sendai, Japan

1993-191: CALCULATION OF A NOZZLE TYPE MPD THRUSTER AND COMPARISON WITH MEASUREMENTS; P. C. Sleziona, M. Auweter-Kurtz, C. Boise, H. L. Kurtz, H. O. Schrade, and T. Wegmann, Institut für Raumfahrtsysteme Universität Stuttgart, FRG

1993-194: MECHANISMA OF ANODE POWER DEPOSITION IN A LOW PRESSURE FREE BURING ARC; George C. Soulas, Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio 43210; and Roger M. Myers, Sverdrup Technology, Inc. NASA Lewis Research Center Group, Brook Park, Ohio 44142

1993-196: AN EXPERIMENTAL STUDY OF LITHIUM DISPENSER CATHODES IN THE MPD THRUSTER; J. S. Fillmore, W. F. von Jaskowsky, A. J. Kelly, and R. G. Jahn, Electric Propulsion and Plasma Dynamics Laboratory, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544, USA

1993-197: DIAGNOSTIC EXPERIMENT AND NUMERICAL ANALYSIS OF ONE-DIMENSIONAL MPD FLOWFIELDS; H. Tahara, T. Tsubaki, Y. Kagaya, Y. Tsubakishita, and T. Yoshikawa, Faculty of Engineering Science, Osaka University, Toyonaka, Osaka, Japan

1993-198: DEVELOPMENT OF ION THRUSTER SYSTEM FOR INTERPLANETARY MISSIONS; Hitoshi Kuninaka, Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, Yoshinodai, Sagamihara, Kanagawa, Japan; Nobuo Hiroe, Kazuto Kitaoka, and Yoshio Ishikawa, Nihon University, Narashinodai, Funabashi, Chiba, Japan; Kazutaka Nishiyama, University of Tokyo, Hongo Bunkyo, Tokyo, Japan; and Yasuo Horiuchi, NEC, Ikebe, Midori, Yokohama, Kanagawa, Japan

1993-200: A MISSION TO PLUTO USING NUCLEAR ELECTRIC PROPULSION; D. G. Feam, Defence Research Agency, Farnborough

1993-202: MISSION FACTORS AFFECTING COST OPTIMIZATION OF SOLAR ELECTRIC ORBITAL TRANSFER VEHICLES; Todd M. Miller and G. Brian Seaworth, McDonnell Douglas Aerospace, Huntington Beach, California

1993-203: OPERATIONAL REQUIREMENTS FOR COST EFFECTIVE PAYLOAD DELIVERY WITH SOLAR ELECTRIC PROPULSION; K. P. Zondervan and A. K. Chan, The Aerospace Corporation, P. O. Box 92957, M4/943, Los Angeles, CA 90009-2957; C. A. Feuchter, Office of Aerospace Studies, 3550 Aberdeen Ave SE, Kirtland AFB, Albuquerque, NM 87117-5776; and W. B. Smith, Space and Missile Systems Center, Los Angeles AFB, P. O. Box 92960, Los Angeles, CA 90009-2960

1993-204: CENTAUR-DERIVED PROPELLANT SUPPLY SYSTEM FOR A SOLAR ELECTRIC ORBIT TRANSFER VEHICLE; J. R. Schuster, J. R. LeMay, E. P. Morss, and G. E. Williams, General Dynamics Space Systems Division, San Diego, California

1993-205: HIGH ALTITUDE ORBIT RAISING WITH ON-BOARD ELECTRIC POWER; B. Free, Scionics, Inc.

1993-206: EFFECT OF VOLUME CONSIDERATIONS ON THE DESIGN OF AN ELECTRIC ORBITAL TRANSFER VEHICLE; G. Brian Seaworth and Todd M. Miller, McDonnell Douglas Aerospace, Space Systems, Huntington Beach, California

1993-207: THE EFFECT OF SOLAR ARRAY DEGRADATION IN ORBIT-RAISING WITH ELECTRIC PROPULSION; A. M. Fitzgerald, Orbital Sciences Corporation, Space Data Division, Chandler, AZ

1993-208: LOW POWER GROUND BASED LASER ILLUMINATION FOR ELECTRIC PROPULSION APPLICATIONS; M. LaPointe and S. Oleson, Sverdrup Technology, Inc., Brookpark, OH

1993-209: LIQUID SPACE OPTICAL THEORY OF MANNED STARFLIGHT WITH EARTHLY APPLICATIONS; J. H. Bloomer, Discraft Corp., Portland, OR, U.S.A.

1993-210: HIGH SPECIFIC IMPULSE EXPERIMENTS WITH 1.5 AND 5KW THERMAL ARCJETS; M. Riehle, H. L. Kurtz, and M. Auweter-Kurtz, IRS - Institut für Raumfahrtsysteme, Universität Stuttgart, Pfaffenwaldring 31, D-70550 Stuttgart, Germany

1993-211: PERFORMANCE OF ADVANCED CONCEPT HYDROGEN ARCJET ANODES; G. W. Butler, R. J. Cassady, W. A. Hoskins, D. Q. King, and A. E. Kull, Rocket Research Company, Redmond, Washington

1993-213: PARAMETRIC TEST RESULTS OF A LOW POWER ARCJET; G. Capecchi, F. Scortecci, F. Repola, and M. Andrenucci, Centrospazio, Pisa 56104, Italy

1993-214: COMPARISON OF EXPERIMENTAL AND NUMERICAL RESULTS FOR RADIATION COOLED AND WATER COOLED HYDROGEN ARCJETS; Trevor M. Moeller, Dennis Keefer, and Robert P. Rhodes, Center for Laser Applications, The University of Tennessee Space Institute, Tullahoma, TN 37388-8897

1993-215: HYDROGEN ARCJET TECHNOLOGY STATUS; Francis M. Curran, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Lewis Research Center, Cleveland, OH 44135; and Leonard H. Caveny, Ballistic Missile Defense Organization, Innovative Science and Technology, Washington, DC 20301-7100

1993-216: MEASUREMENT OF ENERGY DEPOSISTION MODES IN AN INTERMEDIATE POWER HYDROGEN ARCJET; W. A. Hoskins, A. E. Kull, W. M. Nesser, and G. W. Butler, Rocket Research Company, Redmond, WA 98073

1993-217: NON-EQUILIBRIUM MODELING OF HYDROGEN ARCJET THRUSTERS; Robert Rhodes and Dennis Keefer University of Tennessee Space Institute, Center for Laser Applications; Tullahoma, TN 37388-8897

1993-218: NONEQUILIBRIUM NUMERICAL SIMULATION OF RADIATION-COOLED ARCJET THRUSTERS; S. A. Miller and M. Martinez-Sanchez, Space Power and Propulsion Laboratory, Dept. of Aeronautics and Astronautics, MIT, Cambridge, MA 02139

1993-219: AXIAL EMISSION DIAGNOSTICS OF A LOW POWER HYDROGEN ARCJET THRUSTER; P. Victor Storm and Mark A. Cappelli, High Temperature Gasdynamics Laboratory, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Stanford University, Stanford, California, USA

1993-220: A DIRECT COMPARISON OF HYDROGEN ARCJET THRUSTER PROPERTIES TO MODEL PREDICTIONS; M. A. Cappelli, J. G. Liebeskind, and R. K. Hanson, High Temperature Gasdynamics Laboratory, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Stanford University, Stanford, California; G. W. Butler and D. Q. King, Olin Rocket Research Company, Redmond, Washington

1993-221: DEVELOPMENT AND TESTING OF A 100 KW RADIATION COOLED THERMAL HYDROGEN ARCJET THRUSTER; Thomas M. Gölz, Monika Auweter-Kurtz, and Helmut L. Kurtz, Institut für Raumfahrtsysteme, Universität Stuttgart, Pfaffenwaldring 31, D-70550 Stuttgart, Federal Republic of Germany

1993-222: DEVELOPMENT AND INVESTIGATION OF CHARACTERISTICS OF INCREASED POWER SPT MODELS; B. A. Arkhipov, N. A. Maslennikov, and V. M. Murashko, Design Buro “Fakel,” Kaliningrad (obl), Russia; A. N. Veselovzorov, A. I. Morozov, and I. B. Pokrovski, I. V. Kurchalov’s Research Institute of Atomic Energy, Moscow, Russia; V. M. Gavryushin and S. A. Khartov, Moscow Aviation Institute (MAI), Moscow, Russia; V. Kim and V. I. Kozlov, Research Institute of Applied Mechanics and Electrodynamics of MAI, Moscow, Russia

1993-223: DEVELOPMENT STATUS OF THE SPT MK II THRUSTER; D. Valentian, SEP, GPPE, Melun Villaroche, France; A. Bugrova, Mirea, Moscow, Russia; and A. Morozov, Institute of Atomic Energy, Moscow, Russia

1993-225: DEVELOPMENT OF A 4 KW HALL-TYPE ELECTRIC THRUSTER; A. S. Koroteev, V. A. Petrosov, V. I. Baranov, and A. I. Vasin, The Scientific-Research Institute of Thermal Processes, Moscow, Russia; J. R. Wetch, and S. P. Wong, International Scientific Products, San Jose, CA, USA

1993-226: THEORETICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL ANALYSIS OF STATIONARY PLASMA THRUSTER OPERATION; D. Valentian and J. P. Bugeat, SEP, GPPE, Melun Villaroche, France; R. Tchuyan, S. Khartov, L. Latyshev, and V. Sierovaiskiy, Moscow Aviation Institute, Moscow, Russia; G. Cirri, Proel, Florance, Italy

1993-228: ANODE LAYER THRUSTERS, STATE OF THE ART AND PERSPECTIVES; V. I. Garkusha, E. A. Lyapin, A. V. Semyenkin, and S. O. Tverdokhlebov, Central Research Institute of Machine Building, Kaliningrad (Moscow Region), Russia

1993-230: TWO-DIMENSIONAL NUMERICAL MODEL OF PLASMA FLOW IN A HALL THRUSTER; Kimiya Komurasaki, Nagoya University, Chikusa-ku, Nagoya 464-01, Japan; and Yoshihiro Arakawa, University of Tokyo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113, Japan

1993-231: INVESTIGATION OF EROSION IN ANODE LAYER THRUSTER AND ELABORATION HIGH LIFE DESIGN SCHEME; A. V. Semenkin, Central Research Institute of Machine Building, Kaliningrad (Moscow Region), Russia

1993-232: STUDY OF DOUBLE-STAGE ANODE LAYER THRUSTER USING INERT GASES; Sergey O. Tverdokhlebov, Central Research Institute of Machine Building Kaliningrad (Moscow Region), Russia

1993-233: ON USE OF ALKALI METALS AS SPT PROPELLANTS; V. A. Petrosov, V. I. Baranov, A. I. Vasin, and Yu S. Nazarenko, The Scientific-Research Institute of Thermal Processes, Moscow, Russia

1993-234: MEASUREMENTS OF THE ELECTROMAGNETIC EMISSIONS FROM THE T5 ION THRUSTER; S. Chanda and F. Mawdsley, ERA Technology Ltd., Leatherhead, UK; R. D. Brown, Matra Marconi Space UK Ltd., Portsmouth, UK; S. D. Watson, AEA Technology, Culham Laboratory, Abingdon, UK; A. K. Malik, Imperial College, London, UK; and D. G. Feam, Defence Research Agency, Farnborough, Hampshire, UK

1993-235: BEAM CHARACTERISTICS EVALUATION OF ETS-VI XENON ION THRUSTER; Haruki Takegahara and Yukikazu Kasai, Tokyo Metropolitan Institute of Technology; Yoshifumi Gotoh, Mitsubishi Electric Corporation; Katsuhiro Miyazaki, Yukio Hayakawa, and Shoji Kitamura, National Aerospace Laboratory; Hiroshi Nagano and Kunio Nakamaru, National Space Development Agency of Japan

1993-236: ELECTRIC PROBE MEASUREMENTS IN THE PLUME OF THE UK-10  ION THRUSTER; P.C.T. de Boer, The Aerospace Corporation, P. O. Box 92957, Los Angeles, CA 90009-2957

1993-237: MICROWAVE DIAGNOSTICS FOR ION ENGINES: S. W. Janson, Technology Operations, Mechanics and Materials Technology Center, The Aerospace Corporation, Los Angeles, California

1993-239: THE EFFECT OF PROPELLANT SELECTION ON THE PERFORMANCE OF SPACE MISSIONS USING THE UK-25 INERT GAS ION THRUSTER; C. H. Edwards and S. B. Gabriel, Dept. Aeronautics and Astronautics, University of Southampton, Southampton, Hampshire, S09 5NH, UK

1993-242: PLASMA PARTICLE SIMULATION IN CUSPED ION THRUSTERS; Miharu Hirakawa and Yoshihiro Arakawa, Department of Aeronautics and Astronautics, University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan

1993-243: PLASMA PROPERTIES AND IGNITION CHARACTERISTICS OF RF ION SOURCE; Haruki Takegahara, Takeshi Ohyama, Kosuke Iwakura, and Toshiaki Iwata, Department of Aerospace Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Tokyo Metropolitan Institute of Technology, Hino, Asahigaoka 6-6, Tokyo, 191, Japan

1993-244: HIGH SPEED ION SOURCE FOR SPACE EXPERIMENT APPLICATION; V. G. Grigorian, S. A. Kalitin, V. A. Obukhov, and M. M. Shalamov, Research Institute of Applied Mechanics and Electrodynamics of Moscow Aviation Institute, Moscow Aviation Institute, Russia, 125871, Moscow, Volokolamskoe shosse, 4

1993-246: PLASMA CONTRACTOR DEVELOPMENT FOR SPACE STATION; M. J. Patterson, J. A. Hamley, and C. Sarmiento, NASA Lewis, Cleveland, OH; D. Manzella, T. Sarver-Verhey and G. Soulas, Sverdrup Technology, Brookpark, OH; A. Nelson, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN

1993-247: MAIN FEATURES OF PHYSICAL PROCESSES IN STATIONARY PLASMA THRUSTERS; A. I. Bugrova, A. V. Desiatskov, V. K. Kharchevnikov, and A. I. Morozov, MIREA, Moscow, Russia

1993-249: NUMERICAL SIMULATIONS OF HYDROGEN ARCJET PERFORMANCE; G. W. Butler, A. E. Kull, and D. Q. King, Rocket Research Company, Redmond, Washington

1993-250: POWER CONSOLE DEVELOPMENT FOR NASA’S ELECTRIC PROPULSION OUTREACH PROGRAM; Luis R. Pinero, Michael J. Patterson, and Vincent E. Satterwhite, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Lewis Research Center, Cleveland, Ohio 44135

1993-251: OPERATION OF A BRASSBOARD PCU WITH A LOW POWER ARCJET; R. Di Stefano and W. D. Deininger, BPD Difesa e Spazio, Colleferro, Italy; G. Parisi and E. Detoma, FIAT CIEI – SEPA, Torino, Italy