1999 Index

 

1999-001: ELECTRIC PROPULSION ACTIVITIES IN U.S. INDUSTRY; Dr. Frank M. Curran, Schafer Corportation, Arlington, VA, USA

1999-002: EUROPEAN ELECTRIC PROPULSION ACTIVITIES AND PROGRAMMES; G. Saccoccia, ESA Technical and Operational Support Directorate, ESTEC, Noordwijk, The Netherlands

1999-003: AN OVERVIEW OF CURRENT NASA ACTIVITIES IN ELECTRIC PROPULSION TECHNOLOGY; John M. Sankovic and John W. Dunning Jr., National Aeronautics and Space Administration, John H. Glenn Research Center at Lewis Field, Cleveland, Ohio USA, 44135

1999-004: MODERN TRENDS OF ELECTRIC PROPULSION ACTIVITIY IN RUSSIA; Vladimir Kim, Garry Popov, and Victor Tikhonov, Research Institute of Applied Mechanics and Electrodynamics of Moscow Aviation Institute (RIAME MAI), Moscow, Russia; Valery Garkusha, The Central Institute of Mashinebuilding, Korolev of Moscow Region, Russia; Vyacheslav Murashko, Design Bureau Fakel, Kaliningrad (obl.), Russia

1999-006: AN OVERVIEW OF ELECTRIC PROPULSION ACTIVITIES IN JAPAN; Michio Nishida, Department of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Kyushu University, Fukuoka 812-8581, Japan; Hirokazu Tahara, Area of Aerospace Engineering, Division of Mechanical Science, Department of Systems and Human Science, Osaka University, Toyonaka, Osaka 560-8531, Japan

1999-007: RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT ON PLASMA THRUSTERS IN FRANCE; Anne Cadiou, CNES 18 Avenue Edouard Belin 31401 TOULOUSE CEDEX 4, France; Michael Lyszyk, SNECMA, Division SEP Aerodrome de Melun-Villaroche 77550 MOISSY-CRAMAYEL, France; Michael Dudeck, CNRS Laboratoire d’ Aerothermique 4 ter route des Gardes 92190 Meudon, France

1999-008: ELECTRIC PROPULSION ACTIVITIES AT ONERA; Nelly Dorval, Jean Bonnet, Jean-Pierre Marque, and Daniel Pigache, ONERA – Department de Mesures Physiques, 29 Avenue de la Division Leclerc – 92320 Chatillon, France

1999-010: AN OVERVIEW OF ELECTRIC PROPULSION ACTIVITIES IN CSSAR; Hanji Wu and Anjie Li, Center for Space Science & Applied Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100080, P. R. China

1999-012: AN EXPERIMENTAL RESEARCH ON A CW CO2 LASER THRUSTER; Kazuhiro Toyoda, Kimiya Komurasaki, and Yoshihiro Arakawa, University of Tokyo, Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, 113-8656, Tokyo, Japan

1999-013: THEORETICAL DESIGN OF A GIGAWATT-LEVEL MPD PLASMA SOURCE FOR STUDIES OF MAGNETIC-NOZZLE CONFINEMENT IN FUSION PROPULSION SYSTEMS; Peter J. Turchi and Pavlos G. Mikellides, Department of Aerospace Engineering, Applied Mechanics and Aviation, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio, USA

1999-014: RESEARCH ON COLLOID THRUSTERS; Manuel Martinez-Sanchex, J. Fernandez de la Mora, V. Hruby, M. Gamero-Castano and V. Khayms

1999-017: PLASMA DIAGNOSTICS OF LASER-SUSTAINED PLASMA IN A CW LASER THRUSTER; Satoshi Hosoda, Kazuhiro Toyoda, Kimiya Komurasaki, and Yoshihiro Arakawa, Department of Aeronautics and Astronautics, University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8656, Japan

1999-018: CFD ANALYSIS OF PLASMA FLOW IN A LASER THRUSTER; P. Molina-Morales, K. Komurasaki, and Y. Arakawa, Department of Aeronautics and Astronautics, University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8656, Japan

1999-019: DEVELOPMENT OF A MHD CODE USING CIP METHOD AND ITS APPLICATION TO A LASER FUSION ROCKET; Toshifumi Kawasaki, Takanobu Muranaka and Hideki Nakashima, Department of Advanced Energy Engineering Science, Kyushu University, 6-1, Kasuga-Kouen, Kasuga, Fukuoka 816-8580, Japan

1999-020: ANALYSIS OF PLASMA BEHAVIOR FOR A MAGNETIC THRUST CHAMBER OF LASER FUSION ROCKET BY USING 3D HYBRID CODE; Hideyuki Uchimura, Takanobu Muranaka and Hideki Nakashima, Department of Advanced Energy Engineering Science, Kyushu University, 6-1 Kasuga-Kouen, Fukuoka 816-8560, Japan

1999-021: RESEARCHES FOR REACHING MINIMUM THRUSTS IN REGULATES MONOFUEL MICRO LIQUID PROPULSION THRUSTERS; N. M. Vertakov, EDB “FAKEL”, Kaliningrad, Russia

1999-022: XENON RESISTOJET DESIGN AND DEVELOPMENT; Kent T. Chojnacki and Robert Reinicke, Space Products Division, Moog, Inc., East Aurora, NY 14052-0018

1999-023: EXPERIMENTS OF ARC-HEATED PLASMA FLOW CHARACTERISTICS; Makoto Hirakawa, Keisuke Ichige, Ken-ichi Abe, and Michio Nishida, Department of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Kyushu University, Fukuoka 812-8581, Japan

1999-024: THE OUTPUT PARAMETERS AND ANGULAR PLUME CHARACTERISCTICS OF LOW-POWER HALL THRUSTERS; M. B. Belikov, O. A. Gorshkov, and R. N. Rizakhanov, Keldysh Research Center, 8 Onezhskaya, Moscow 125438, Russia

1999-025: DETECTION OF ABLATOR SPALLATION PHENOMENA AT ARC WIND TUNNEL TESTS; Toshinari Yoshinaka, Masahito Mizuno, and Yoshiki Morino, National Space Development Agency of Japan (NASDA), 2-1-1 Sengen, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, 305, Japan

1999-026: PLASMA JET ENHANCED COMBUSTION OF HYDROGEN IN SUPERSONIC AIR FLOW; Toichi Niyama, Hiroshi Itoh, and Toshio Nagashima, Department of Aeronautics and Astronautics, University of Tokyo, 7-3-1, Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8656, Japan

1999-028: DEVELOPMENT OF AN ENGINEERING MODEL OF 1 KW HYDRAZINE ARCJET SYSTEM; H. Suzuki, M. Ishii, T. Ohtsuka, K. Kato, K. Uematsu and S. Morimoto, Ishikawajima-Harima Heavy Industries Co., Ltd., 2-2-1, Otemachi, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo, 100-8182, Japan; T. Yoshikawa and K. Onoe, Osaka University, 1-12, Machikaneyama-cho, Toyonaka-shi, Osaka, Japan

1999-029: THERMO-CHEMICAL NONEQUILIBRIUM MODELING FOR A NITROGEN ARCJET THRUSTER; Shigeru Kuchi-ishi and Michio Nishida, Department of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Kyushu University, Fukuoka 812-8581, Japan

1999-030: FLOW ESTABLISHMENT OVER CONSTRUCTOR IN ARCJET OPERATION; A. Sasoh, Shock Wave Research Center, Institute of Fluid Science, Tohoku University, 2-1-1 Katahira, Aoba-ku, Sendai 980-8577, Japan

1999-031: OBSERVATION AND MODELING OF DC ARCJET FLOWFIELD IN STABLE OPERATION; Hironori Sahara and Yoshihiro Arakawa, Department of Aeronautics and Astronautics, University of Tokyo, 7-3-1, Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8656, Japan; Kyoichiro Toki, Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, 3-1-1, Yoshinodai, Sagamihara, Kanagawa 229-8510, Japan; and Kyoichi Kuriki, Department of Aerospace Engineering, Tokyo Metropolitan Institute of Technology, Japan, 6-6, Asahigaoka, Hino, Tokyo 191-0065, Japan

1999-032: PERFORMANCE EVALUATION OF A SMALL SIZE ARCJET THRUSTER; Keisuke Ichige, Makoto Hirakawa, Hisashi Kihara, Ken-ichi Abe, and Michio Nishida, Department of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Kyushu University, Fukuoka 812-8581, Japan; Masashi Matsumoto, Fluid Dynamics & Combustion Department, Research Institute, Ishikawajima-Harima Heavy Ind. Co. Ltd., Yokohama, 235-0031, Japan

1999-033: THRUST PERFORMANCE AND THERMAL ANALYSIS OF A LOW POWER ARCJET THRUSTER; Shinsuke Hiratsuka, Ken-ichi Onoe, Hirokazu Tahara, and Takao Yoshikawa, Division of Mechanical Science, Department of Systems and Human Science, Graduate School of Engineering Science, Osaka University, 1-3, Machikaneyama, Toyonaka, Osaka 560-8531, Japan; Hiroshi Suzuki and Kazuo Uematsu, Ishikawajima-Harima Heavy Industries Co., Ltd, 3-1-15, Toyosu, Koto, Tokyo 135-8732, Japan

1999-034: TWO-DIMENSIONAL NUMERICAL SIMULATIONS OF A CESIUM SEEDED HYDROGEN ARCJET; Darrel Robertson and Manuel Martinez-Sanchez, Department of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts

1999-036: A STUDY ON NOZZLE FLOW QUALITY OF LOW POWER ARCJET THRUSTER FOR IMPROVEMENT OF PROPULSION EFFICIENCY; S. Aso, K. Takayanagi, S. Kuti-Ishi, and K. Sugimoto, Department of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Kyushu University

1999-037: EFFECT OF STRONG MAGNETIC FIELD ON PLASMA JET AT A LOW PRESSURE; Kazuo Koike, Eiji Konno, Norifumi Ono, and Ryoichiro Oshima, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Tohoku Gakuin University, 13-1, Chuo-1, Tagajo, Miyagi, 985-8537, Japan

1999-038: CONTAMINATION ANALYSIS FROM THE ESEX 26 KW AMMONIA ARCJET FLIGHT EXPERIMENT; G. G. Spanjers, J. H. Schiling, S. F. Engelman, M. J. Dulligan, and D. R. Bromaghim, Propulsion Directorate, Air Force Research Laboratory, Edwards AFB, CA

1999-039: DIRECT-CURRENT ARCJET PLASMA FEATURE USING AMMONIA AND MIXTURE OF NITROGEN AND HYDROGEN; Sakae Mitsufuji, Hirokazu Tahara, Tomoki Taniguchi, Ken-ichi Onoe, and Takao Yoshikawa, Division of Mechanical Science, Department of Systems and Human Science, Graduate School of Engineering Science, Osaka University, 1-3, Machikaneyama, Toyonaka, Osaka 560-8531, Japan

1999-040: SIMULTANEOUS MEASUREMENTS OF PLUME TEMPERATURE AND ATOMIC NUMBER DENSITY WITH OPTICAL ABSORPTION TOMOGRAPHY; F. Y. Zhang, T. Fujiwara, T. Miyasaka, and J. Harada, Nagoya University, Nagoya, 464-8603, Japan; K. Komurasaki, University of Tokyo, Tokyo, 113-8656, Japan

1999-041: PLUME MASS SPECTROMETRY AND CALORIMETRY WITH A HYDRAZINE ARCJET THRUSTER; James E. Pollard, The Aerospace Corporation, P.O. Box 92957 – 5/754, Los Angeles, CA 90009, USA; Ideo Masuda, National Space Development Agency of Japan, 2-1-1 Sengen, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, 304-8505, Japan; Yoshifumi Gotoh, Mitsubishi Electric Corporation, 325, Kamimachiya Kamakura, Kanagawa 247, Japan

1999-042: NEAR-FIELD MEASUREMENT AND MODELING RESULTS FOR A FLIGHT-TYPE ARCJET: NH MOLECULE; Mark W. Crofton and Teresa A. Moore, Technology Operations, The Aerospace Corporation, M5/754, P.O. Box 92957, Los Angeles, California, 90009, U.S.A.; Iain D. Boyd, Department of Aerospace Engineering, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, 48109-2140, U.S.A.; Ideo Masuda, DRTS Project Team, National Space Development Agency of Japan, 2-1-1 Sengen, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, 305-8505, Japan; Yoshifumi Gotoh, Space Systems Department, Mitsubishi Electric Corporation, 325, Kamimachiya Kamakura, Kanagawa 247, Japan

1999-043: A SIMPLIFIED MODEL FOR THE PREDICTION OF ARCJET PLUMES; Duane A. Nelson, The Aerospace Corporation, P.O. Box 92957, Los Angeles, CA 90009-2957, USA; Yoshifumi Gotoh, Mitsubishi Electric Corp., Kamakura Works, Japan; Ideo Masuda, National Space Development Agency of Japan, Tsukuba, Ibaraski, Japan

1999-044: AN APPROACH TO ARCJET THRUSTER COMPUTATIONS FOR FASTER CONVERGENCE; Shigeru Kuchi-ishi and Michio Nishida, Department of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Kyushu University, Fukuoka 812-8581, Japan

1999-045: SIMPLE ESTIMATION OF THE PERFORMANCE OF A LOW POWER ARCJET THRUSTER WITH DIATOMIC GAS AS PROPELLANT; Masahiko Hayatani and Michio Nishida, Department of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Kyushu University, Fukuoka 812-8581, Japan

1999-046: PRELIMINARY TEST OF A LOW-POWER DC ARCJET ANODE; I. Funaki, K. Toki, and Y. Shimizu, Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, 3-1-1 Yoshinodai, Sagamihara, Kanagawa, 229-8510, Japan; Y. Suwana and H. Takegahara, Tokyo Metropolitan Institute of Technology, 6-6 Asahigaoka, Hino, Tokyo 191-0065, Japan; S. Satori, Hokkaido Institute of Technology, 15-4-1 Macdananayo, Teine, Sapporo, Hokkaido, 006-8585, Japan

1999-047: FLOWFIELD OBSERVATION USING A TWO-DIMENSION-LIKE LOW-POWER DC ARCJET; Hironori Sahara, Satoshi Hosoda, and Yoshihiro Arakawa, Department of Aeronautics and Astronautics, University of Tokyo, 7-3-1, Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8656, Japan; Yasuyuki Suwama, Kyoichi Kuriki and Haruki Takegahara, Department of Aerospace Engineering, Tokyo Metropolitan Institute of Technology, Japan, 6-6, Asahigaoka, Hino, Toyko 191-0065, Japan; Kyoichiro Toki, Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, 3-1-1, Yoshinodai, Sagamihara, Kanagawa 229-8510, Japan

1999-048: NEAR-FIELD MEASUREMENT AND MODELIG RESULTS FOR A FLIGHT-TYPE ARCJET: HYDROGEN ATOM; Mark W. Crofton and Teresa A. Moore, Technology Operations, The Aerospace Corporation, M5/754, P.O. Box 92957, Los Angeles, California, 90009, U.S.A.; Iain D. Boyd, Department of Aerospace Engineering, University of Michigan, 1320 Beal Avenue, Ann Arbor, Michigan, 48109-2140, U.S.A.; Ideo Masuda, DRTS Project Team, National Space Development Agency of Japan, 2-1-1 Sengen, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, 305-8505, Japan; Yoshifumi Gotoh, Space Systems Department, Mitsubishi Electric Corporation, 325, Kamimachiya Kamakura, kanagawa 247, Japan

1999-049: PERFORMANCE IMPROVEMENT OF VERY LOW POWER ARCJETS; Hideyuki Horisawa, Department of Precision Mechanics, Tokai University, 1117 Kitakaname, Hiratsuka-shi, Kanagawa 259-1292, Japan; Itsuro Kimura, Professor Emeritus, University of Tokyo, and Nara Textile Inc., 4-19-4 Nakahara, Isogo, Yokohama 235-0036, Japan

1999-050: OPERATIONAL CHARACTERISTICS OF 1 KW HYDRAZINE DC ARCJET SYSTEM; Masahiro Ishii, Koichiro Kato, and Hiroshi Suzuki, Ishikawajima-Harima Heavy Industries Co., Ltd., 299, Tnogaya, Mizuho-machi, Nishitama-gun, Tokyo 190-1297, Japan; Ken-ichi Kajiwara and Akito Hattori, National Space Development Agency of Japan, 2-4-1, Hamamatsu-cho, Minato-ku, Tokyo 105-6126, japan

1999-051: PLASMIC PROPULSION SYSTEM ON S.T.E.N.T.O.R. Program, Thierry Grassin and Luc Petitjean, Alcatel Space Industries, CNES, Centre Spatial de Toulouse

1999-053: DEVELOPMENT OF XENON ION ENGINE SUBSYSTEM FOR ETS-VIII, Eiji Nishida, Toshiyuki Ozaki, Yukikazu Kasai, and Yoshifumi Gotoh, 325 Kamimachiya, Kamakura, Kanagawa, Japan 247-8520, Mitsubishi Electric Corporation (MELCO); Masafumi Ikeda and Ken-ichi Kajiwara, National Space Development Agency of Japan (NASDA)

1999-054: ELECTRIC PROPULSION SYSTEM FOR ARTEMIS; Rainer Killinger, Helmut Bassner, and Gunther Kienlein, Space Infrastructure; Johann Muller, Dornier Satellite Systems, DaimlerChrysler Aerospace AG, Postfach 80 11 69, D-816633 Munchen, Germany

1999-055: XENON GROUND SUPPORT EQUIPMENT FOR PLASMIC PROPULSION SYSTEM; Patrick Bravais, Alain Teissier, and Frederic Ribas, Air Liquide, DTA; Olivier Dulau, Eric Montfort, and Thierry Grassin, Alcatel Space Industries

1999-056: XENON LOADING DEVICE FOR MUSES-C ION ENGINE SYSTEM; Yukio Shimizu, Hitoshi Kuninaka, and Kyoichiro Toki, Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, 3-1-1, Yoshinodai, Sagamihara, Kanagawa 229-8510, Japan

1999-057: ION THRUSTER POINTING MECHANISM (ITAM) FOR ARTEMIS: DESIGN & PERFORMANCE; Manfred Falkner, Austrian Aerospace, Stachegasse 16, A-1120 Vienna, Austria

1999-058: PLASMIC PROPULSION LIFETEST; Nunzia Mattei (ASPI), Xavier Ragot (ASPI), Pierre Dumazert (SNECMA), Eric Klinger (SNECMA), Alcatel Space Industries, 100 Bvd du Midi 06150, Cannes la Bocca Cedex, France, SNECMA division SEP Aerodome de Melun-Villaroche, 77055 Moissy Cramayel Cedex, France

1999-059: POWER PROCESSING UNIT FOR STATIONARY PLASMA THRUSTER; H. Declercq, E. Bourguignon, and T. Scalais, Alcatel ETCA, B.P. 4008, B-6000 Charleroi (BELGIUM); J. J. Digoin, Alcatel Space Industries, BP 99, 06322 Cannes La Bocca Cedex, France

1999-060: PERFORMANCE OF HIGH POWER CAPACITORS FOR PULSED PLASMA THRUSTER APPLICATIONS; Zheng Chen and Henry Brandhorst, Space Power Institute, 231 Leach Center, Auburn University, AL 36849-5320, USA

1999-061: DC-DC CONVERTER FOR HALL THRUSTER PLASMA DISCHARGE; V. Hruby, W. Connolly, J. Monheiser, B. Pote, and C. Freeman, Busek Co. Inc., 11 Tech Circle, Natick, MA 01760-1023

1999-064: A DIGITAL XENON FLOW CONTROLLER BASED ON ChEMS TECHNOLOGY; Joe Cardin, Director, Business Development, Ben Otsap, Chief Engineer, VACCO Industries, South El Monte, CA 91733

1999-065: DEVELOPMENT OF AN ION THRUSTER CONTROL UNIT FOR THE MUSES-C MISSION; Kazutaka Nishiyama and Hitoshi Kuninaka, Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, 3-1-1 Yoshinodai, Sagamihara, Kanagawa 229-8510, Japan

1999-066: DEVELOPMENT OF A “SMART” POWER PROCESSING UNIT FOR HALL EFFECT THRUSTERS; J. Dickens and M. Kristiansen, Texas Tech University, Electrical Engineering Department, Lubbock, TX 79409-3102

1999-069: ONE MILLINEWTON FEEP THRUSTER TESTS; Salvo Marcuccio, Marco Saviozzi, Fabrizio Rugo, and Mariano Andrenucci, Centrospazio, 56014 Ospedaletto, Pisa, Italy

1999-070: BACKFLOW CONTAMINATION OF INDIUM-METAL ION EMITTERS (LMIE): NUMERICAL SIMULATIONS; M. Tajmar, Vienna University of Technology, Institut fur Angewandte Elektronik und Quantenelektronik, GuBhausstrasse 27-29, A-1040 Vienna, Austria; F. Rudenauer and M. Fehringer, Austrian Research Center, A-2444, Seibersdorf, Austria

1999-071: EXPERIMENTAL PERFORMANCE OF A LOW POWER NEUTRALIZER FOR A MICRONEWTON FEEP THRUSTER; Salvo Marcuccio, Gabriele Lorenzi, and Mariano Andrenucci, Centrospazio, 56014 Ospedaletto, Pisa, Italy

1999-072: MICRONEWTON INDIUM ION THRUSTERS; Michael Fehringer, Friedrich Rudenauer, and Wolfgang Steiger, Austrian Research Centre Seibersdorf, A-2444 Seibersdorf

1999-073: PLUME STUDY OF MULTIMODE THRUSTER SPT-140; K. Kozubsky, S. Kudriavtzev, and S. Pridannikov, Fakel, Moskovsky pr. 181, Kaliningrad, 236001, Russia

1999-074: SPT100 PLASMA JET EFFECTS ON GEOSTATIONARY SATELLITE COMMUNICATIONS; Claude Berthou and Denis Pogarieloff, Alcatel Space Industries, 100 Bd du Midi 06156 Cannes la Bocca Cedex, France

1999-076: ANALYSIS OF COLLISION PHENOMENA IN HALL THRUSTER PLUMES; Douglas B. VanGilder and Iain D. Boyd, Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, U.S.A.

1999-078: CHARACTERIZATION OF THE INTERNAL PLASMA STRUCTURE OF A 5 KW HALL THRUSTER; James M. Haas and Alec D. Gallimore, Plasmadynamics and Electric Propulsion Laboratory, Department of Aerospace Engineering, The University of Michigan, College of Engineering, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA

1999-079: EXPERIMENTAL AND NUMERICAL STUDY OF DISTURBANCE FORCES INDUCED BY A SPT100 PLASMA JET; Stephane d’Halewyn, Claude Berthou, Danielle Borie (Alcatel Space Industries), Pascal Lasgorceix, Stephane Bechu, Alain Hauser (Laboratoire d’Aerothermique – CNRS Orleans), Alcatel Space Industries 100 Bd du Midi 06156 Cannes la Bocca Cedex, France

1999-080: PERFORMANCE OF AN 8 KW HALL THRUSTER; B. Pote, V. Hruby, and J. Monheiser, Busek Co. Inc., 11 Tech Circle, Natick, MA 01760-1023, USA

1999-082: EXPERIMENTAL INVESTIGATION NEGATIVE IONS IN SPT THRUSTER CHANNEL; A. I. Bugrova, A. V. Desiatskov, A. I. Morosov, and V. K. Kharchevnikov, MIREA, Russia

1999-083: INVESTIGATION OF XENON ION SPUTTERING OF ONE CERAMIC MATERIAL USED IN SPT DISCHARGE CHAMBER; Y. Garnier, V. Viel, and J-F. Roussel, ONERA-DESP, 2 avenue Belin, BP 4025, 31055 Toulouse Cedex, France; D. Pagnon, L. Magne, and M. Touzeau, LPGP – Universite Paris-Sud, Bat, 210, 91405 Orsay Cedex, France

1999-084: INVESTIGATION OF THE STATIONARY PLASMA THRUSTER (SPT) OUTGASSING AND ITS THERMAL STATE IMPACT ON THRUSTER PERFORMANCE VARIATION IN TIME; Vladimir Kim, Vyacheslav Kozlov, Garry Popov, and Alexander Skrylnikov, Research Institute of Applied Mechanics and Electrodynamics of Moscow Aviation Institute (RIAME MAI), 4, Volokolamskoe shosse, Moscow, 125810, Russia; Konstantin Kozubsky, Design Bureau Fakel, 181, Moskovski Prospect, Kaliningrad, 236001, Russia; and Michal Lyszyk, Societe Europeenne de Propulsion (SEP), division of SNECMA, Aerodrome de Melun-Villaroche-F77550, Moissy-Cramayel-France

1999-086: PERFORMANCE OF STATIONARY PLASMA THRUSTER PPS1350 AND ITS QUALIFICATION STATUS IN RUSSIA; V. Gopantchuk, K. Kozubsky, N. Maslennikov, and S. Pridannikov, Fakel, Moscovsky pr. 181, Kaliningrad 236001, Russia

1999-087: PPS 1350 QUALIFICATIONS STATUS; M. Lyszyk, E. Klinger, O. Secheresse, JP. Bugeat and D. Valentian, SNECMA, Division SEP, Aerodrome de Melun-Villaroche, Moissy-Cramayel, France; A. Cadiou, Th. Beltan and C. Gelas, CNES, Centre Spatial de Toulouse, 18 Avenue Edouard Belin, Toulouse, France

1999-090: PERFORMANCE AND QUALIFCATION STATUS OF MULTIMODE STATIONARY PLASMA THRUSTER SPT-140; R. Gnizdor, K. Kozubsky, N. Maslennikov, V. Murashko, and S. Pridannikov, Fakel, Moscovsky pr. 181, Kaliningrad 236001, Russia; V. Kim, RIAME, Volokolamskoe sh. 4, Moscow 125871, Russia

1999-092: LOW POWER, HALL THRUSTER PROPULSION SYSTEM; V. Hruby, J. Monheiser, B. Pote, C. Freeman, and W. Connolly, Busek Co. Inc., 11 Tech Circle, Natick, MA 01760-1023

1999-094: THE OUTPUT PARAMETERS AND ANGULAR PLUME CHARACTERISTICS OF LOW-POWER HALL THRUSTERS; M. B. Belikov, O. A. Gorshkov, and R. N. Rizakhanov, Keldysh Research Center, 8 Onezhskaya, Moscow 125438, Russia

1999-097: NUMERICAL SIMULATION OF FACILITY EFFECTS ON HALL THRUSTER PERFORMANCE, John Michael Fife and Manuel Martinez-Sanchez, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts

1999-098: COMPUTATION OF HALL THRUSTER PERFORMANCE; L. Garrigues and J.P. Boeuf, Centre de Physique des Plasmas et Applications de Toulouse, Universite Paul Sabatier, 118 route de Narbonne, 31062 Toulouse Cedex 4, France; I. D. Boyd, Department of Aerospace Engineering, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA

1999-099: FUNDATMENTAL DESIGN OF HIGHLY EFFECTIVE HALL THRUSTERS; Yuri M. Yashnov, Consultant, Moscow, Russia; J. Kent Koester, John B. McVey, and Edward J. Britt, Space Power, Inc., 1253 Reamwood Ave., Sunnyvale, CA 94089

1999-100: PARTICLE-IN-CELL MODELING OF THRUSTER WITH ANODE LAYER (TAL); James J. Szabo Jr., Manuel Martinez-Sanchez, and Oleg Batishchev, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts, 02139

1999-101: SEGMENTED ELECTRODE HALL THRUSTER OPERATION IN SINGLE AND TWO STAGE REGIMES; N. J. Fisch, Y. Raitses, A. A. Litvak, and L. A. Dorf, Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08540

1999-102: CHARACTERISTICS OF THE SPT100-ML COMPARISONS BETWEEN EXPERIMENTS AND MODELS; L. Garrigues and J. P. Boeuf,  Centre de Physique des Plasmas et Applications de Toulouse, Universite Paul Sabatier, 118 route de Narbonne, 31062 Toulouse Cedex 4, France; C. Perot, N. Gascon, S. Bechu, P. Lasgorceix, and M. Dudeck, Laboratoire d’Aerothermique, 2 rue du crital, 45100 Orleans, France

1999-103: THE PRINCIPLE OF CURRENT MAXIMALITY FOR DISCHARGE SIMULATION IN ACD; V. I. Baranov, Yu. S. Nazarenko, V. A. Petrosov, and A. I. Vasin, Keldysh Research Center, Onezhskaya 8, Moscow, 12548, Russia

1999-104: CHARACTERIZATION OF FMT-2 DISCHARGE CATHODE PLUE; George J. Williams Jr., Timothy B. Smith, Travis A. Patrick, and Alec D. Gallimore, Plasmadynamics and Electric Propulsion Laboratory, Department of Aerospace Engineering, The University of Michigan, 1919 Green Rd., Ann Arbor, MI 48105, USA

1999-105: LINEAR 1-D ANALYSIS OF ASCILLATIONS IN HALL THRUSTERS; Reid Noguchi, Graduate Student, MIT, Cambridge, MA, USA; Manuel Martinez-Sanchez, Professor of Aeronautics/Astronautics, MIT, Cambridge, MA, USA; and Eduardo Ahedo, Polytechnical University of Madrid, Spain

1999-106: MEMBRANE OSCILLATIONS IN SPT CHANNEL; A. I. Bugrova, A. S. Lipatov, A. I. Morosov, and V. K. Kharchevnikov, MIREA, Russia

1999-108: STEADY ACCELERATION IN THE HALL THRUSTER; A. Cohen-Zur, Faculty of Aerospace Engineering, Technion – Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa 32000, Israel; A. Fruchtman, Center for Technological Education Holonn, 52 Golomb St., P.O. Box 305 Holon 58102, Israel; and J. Ashkenazy, Propulsion Pysics Laboratory, Soreq NRC, Yavne 81800, Israel

1999-112: ELECTRON CONDUCTIVITY IN ACD; V. I. Baranov, Yu. S. Nazarenko, V. A. Petrosov, and A. I. Vasin, Keldysh Research Center, Onezhskaya 8, Moscow, 125438, Russia

1999-113: DEVELOPMENT OF A 45-DEGREE PARALLEL-PLATE ELECTROSTATIC ENERGY ANALYZER FOR HALL THRUSTER PLUME STUDIES: PRELIMINARY DATA; Richard R. Hofer, James M. Haas, and Alec D. Gallimore, Plasmadynamics and Electric Propulsion Laboratory (PEPL), Department of Aerospace Engineering, College of Engineering, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA

1999-114: COMPUTATIONAL MODELING OF PLASMA PLUMES IN A VACUUM TANK; Bernard Asare, MIT, Cambridge, MA, USA; and Manuel Martinez-Sanchez, Aeronautics/Astronautics, MIT, Cambridge, MA, USA

1999-117: INVESTIGATION OF POSSIBILITY TO INCREASE THE TRUSTIER EFFICIENCY, DISCHARGE EFFICIENCY AND THE SPD LIFE-TIME BY INFLUENCE TO THE SPEED OF THE NEUTRAL PROPELLANT GAS STREAM; A. V. Loyan and S. A. Oghienko. Scientific & Technological Center of Space Power & Engines at State Aerospace University nm. N. E. Gukovsky “KhAI”, (STC SPE “KhAI”) Kharkov, 310070, Chcalova St., 17, Ukraine

1999-118: STUDY OF PLASMA DYNAMICS IN THE VARIABLE SECTION CHANNEL OF STATIONARY PLASMA THRUSTER; Boris Arhipov, Design Bureau Fakel, Kaliningrad (obl.), Russia; Elena Goghaya, Kaliningrad State University, Kaliningrad (obl.), Russia; and Nikolay Nikulin, Kaliningrad State University, Kaliningrad (obl), Russia

1999-119: INVESTIGATION OF THE STATIONARY PLASMA THRUSTER SCALE IMPACT ON THE ELECTRIC FILTER PARAMETER CHOICE; Vladimir Kim, Vyacheslav Kozlov, Garry Popov, and Alexander Skrylnikov, Research Institute of Applied Mechanics and Electrodynamics of Moscow Aviation Institute (RIAME MAI), 4, Volokolamskoe shosse, Moscow, 125810, Russia

1999-121: RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT OF HALL EFFECT THRUSTERS AT OSAKA UNIVERSITY; Daisuke Goto, Hirokazu Tahara, Yohei Nikai, Toshiaki Yasui, and Takao Yoshikawa, Division of Mechanical Science, Department of Systems and Human Service, Graduate School of Engineering Science, Osaka University, 103, Machikaneyama, Toyonaka, Osaka 560-8531, Japan

1999-123: THE OPTIMAL CONTROL OF THRUST VECTOR OF HALL-THRUSTERS; Yuri M. Yashnov, Consultant, Moscow, Russia; J. Kent Koester, John B. McVey, and Edward J. Britt, Space Power Inc., 1253 Reamwood Ave., Sunnyvale, CA, 94089

1999-124: AN EXPERIMENTAL INVESTIGATION OF THE HOLLOW CATHODES FOR LOW-POWER ION THRUSTER; O. A. Gorshkov and V. A. Muravlev, Keldysh Research Center, 8/10, Onezhskaya, Moscow, 12548, Russia

1999-125: THE GENERATION OF HIGH ENERGY IONS IN HOLLOW CATHODE DISCHARGES; Stephen W. Patterson, Plasma Physics Group, Imperial College, London, UK; David G. Fearn, Space Department, Defence Evaluation and Research Agency, Farnborough,, Hants, UK

1999-126: SCENARIO FOR HOLLOW CATHODE END-OF-LIFE; Timothy R. Sarver-Verhey, Dynacs Engineering Co., Inc., NASA Glenn Research Center Group, 2001 Aerospace Parkway, Brook Park, OH 44142

1999-127: PHYSIC-MATHEMATICS MODEL OF A SELF-HEATED HOLLOW CATHODE ELECTRIC DISCHARGE EVOLUTION; Sergiy A. Lobov and Andriy V. Loyan, STC SPE “KhAI”, 17, Chkalova st., 310070, Kharkov, Ukraine

1999-128: HEAT BALANCE IN A NEUTRALIZER CATHODE OF STATIONARY PLASMA THRUSTER (SPT); Dr. B. Arkhipov, EDB FAKEL, Moskovski pr. 181, Kaliningrad 236000, Russia

1999-131: RESEARCHING OF RUNNING-IN, STARTING, TRANSITION THERMAL PROCESSES OF SELF-HEATED HOLLOW CATHODE IN ELECTRIC CURRENT RANGE FROM 5 UP TO 25 A; Sergiy A. Lobov and Andriy V. Loyan, STC SPE “KhAI”, 17, Chkalova st., 310070, Kharkov, Ukraine

1999-133: THE COMPATIBILITY OF HOLLOW CATHODE CHARACTERISTICS WITH A VARIETY OF ION THRUSTER DESIGNS; David G. Fearn, Space Department, Defence Evaluation and Research Agency, Farnborough, Hants, GU14 0LX, UK; Stephen W. Patterson, Plasma Physics Group, Imperial College, London, SW7 2BZ, UK

1999-135: INVESTIGATION OF SELF-HEATE HOLLOW CATHODES OPERATION POSSIBILITY IN WATER MOIST STREAM OF HIGH-PRESSURE CONDITION; N. N. Koshelev and A. V. Loyan, STC SPE “KhAI”, 17, Chkalova st., 310070, Kharkov, Ukraine; V. P. Sklarov and A. A. Tarelin, Machine Problem Institute of Ukrainian Engineer Sciences Academy, ‘MPI UESA”, Ukraine

1999-137: EXPERIMENTAL INVESTIGATION OF A GAS PROPELLANT CONSUMPTION OSCILLATION WHEN SELF-HEATED HOLLOW CATHODE IS STARTING FROM A COLD STATE; Nikolay N. Koshelev, Sergiy A. Lobov, and Andriy V. Loyan, STC SPE “KhAI”, 17, Chkalova st., 310070, Kharkov, Ukraine

1999-138: ANALYZE OF GAS PROPELLANT CONSUMPTION OSCILLATION WHEN THE SELF-HEATED HOLLOW CATHODE IS STARTING “COLD” STATE; Andriy V. Loyan, Scientific and Technological Center of Space Power and Engines at Kharkov Aviation Institute, 17, Chkalova st., Kharkov, 310070, Ukraine

1999-139: DEVELOPMENT STATUS OF A MICROWAVE ION ENGINE SYSTEM FOR THE MUSES-C MISSION; Kyoichiro Toki, Hitoshi Kuninaka, Ikkoh Funaki, Kazutaka Nishiyama, and Yukio Shimizu, Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, 3-1-1 Yoshinodai, Sagamihara, Kanagawa 229-8510, Japan

1999-140: DEVELOPMENT OF AN RF-ION THRUSTER FOR COMMERCIAL APPLICATION; Rainer Killinger and Helmut Bassner, Space Infrastructure; Johann Muller, Dornier Satellite Systems, DaimlerChrysler Aerospace AG, Postfach 80 11 69, D-816633 Munchen, Germany

1999-141: ROLE OF MAGNETIC FIELD IN KAUFMAN TYPE ELECTROSTATIC ION THRUSTERS; A. K. Malik, Plasma Physics, Blackett Laboratory, Imperial College, London, SW7 2AZ

1999-142: 1000-HOUR TEST OF A 35-CM DIAMETER XENON ION THRUSTER; S. Kitamura, Y. Hayakawa, and K. Miyazaki, National Aerospace Laboratory, 7-44-1 Jindaijihigashi-machi, Chofu, Tokyo 182-8522, Japan; H. Yoshida, Y. Yamamoto and K. Akai, Toshida, Y. Yamamoto and K. Akai, Toshiba Corporation, 1 Komukai, Toshiba-cho, Saiwai-ku, Kawasaski, Kanagawa 210-0863, Japan

1999-143: A XENON PROPELLANT MANAGEMENT SUB-UNIT FOR ION PROPULSION; Keith Dyer, VACCO Industries, South El Monte, CA 91733; Anthony Dien, Stanford Mu Corporation, Harbor City, CA 90710; Eiji Nishida and Yukikazu Kasai, Mitsubishi Electric Corp., Kanagawa, Japan; Masafumi Ikeda and Kenishi Kajiwara, NASDA, Japan

1999-144: BEAM INTENSTIY DISTRIBUTION OF A RING-CUSP ION THRUSTER; H. Yoshida, Y. Yamamoto, and K. Akai, Toshiba Corporation, 4-1, Ukishimacho, Kawasakiku, Kawasaki, Kanagawa 210-0862, Japan; Y. Hayakawa, K. Miyazaki and S. Kitamura, National Aerospace Laboratory, 7-44-1, Jindaiji-higashicho, Chofu, Tokyo 182-8522, Japan

1999-145: ION THRUSTER LIFETIME ESTIMATION AND MODELING USING COMPUTER SIMULATION; Masakatsu Nakano, Satellite Venture Business Laboratory, Kyushu Institute of Technology, 1-1, Sensuicho, Tobata-ku, Kitakyushu-Shi, Fukuoka 804-8550, Japan; Yoshihiro Arakawa, Department of Aeronautics and Astronautics, The University of Tokyo, 7-3-1, Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8656, Japan

1999-146: PARTICLE SIMULATION ON ION BEAM EXTRACTION PHENOMENA IN AN ION THRUSTER; Yasushi Okawa and Haruki Takegahara, Department of Aerospace Engineering, Tokyo Metropolitan Institute of Technology, 6-6, Asahigaoka, Hino, Tokyo 191-0065, Japan

1999-147: VALIDATION OF A GRID-EROSION SIMULATION BY SHORT-TIME EROSION MEASUREMENTS; M. Tartz, E. Hartmann, R. Deltschew, and H. Neumann, Institut fur Oberflachenmodifizierung (IOM) e. V., Permoserstr, 15, D-04318 Leipzig, Germany

1999-148: APPLICATION OF AMORPHOUS-CARBON GRIDS TO AN ION THRUSTER; Hirohiko Satow and Haruki Takegahara, Department of Aerospace Engineering, Tokyo Metropolitan Institute of Technology, 6-6, Asahigaoka, Hino, Tokyo 191-0065, Japan; Takeshi Tachibana, Department of Mechanical and Control Engineering, Kyushu Institute of Technology, 1-1, Sensuityo, Tobata, Kitakyushu, Fukuoka 804-0015, Japan; Katsumi Kawata, Astec Irie Corporation, 1-3-1, Otani, Yahatahigashi, Kitakyushu, Fukuoka 805-0053, Japan

1999-149: TITANIUM OPTICS FOR ION THRUSTERS; George C. Soulas, Dynacs Engineering Co., Inc., NASA Glenn Research Center Group, 2001 Aerospace Parkway, Brook Park, OH 44142, U.S.A.; Thomas W. Haag, Michael J. Patterson, and Vincent K. Rawlin, NASA Glenn Research Center, 21000 Brookpark Road, Cleveland, OH 44135, U.S.A.

1999-150: SIMULATION OF ELECTROMAGNETIC INTERFERENCE INDUCED BY ION THRUSTER PLUME, Masahiro Kajikawa and Mengu Cho, Department of Electrical Engineering, Kyushu Institute of Technology, Tobata-ku, Kitakyushu, Japan 804-8550

1999-151: DEEP SPACE ONE INVESTIGATIONS OF ION PROPULSION PLASMA ENVIRONMENT: INITIAL RESULTS; J. Wang, D. E. Brinza, J. E. Polk, and M. D. Henry, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91109

1999-153: IMPROVEMENT OF 20 MN XENNON ION THRUSTER; Toshiyuki Ozaki, Yukikazu Kasai, and Eiji Nishida, Space Engineering Department, Kamakura Works, Mitsubishi Electric Corporation, 325 Kamimachiya, Kamakura, Kanagawa 247-8520, Japan

1999-154: PERFORMANCE IMPROVEMENT OF RADIOFREQUENCY ION THRUSTERS – THE EVOLUATION OF THE RIT 15 ION ENGINE; H. J. Leiter, H. W. Loeb and K. H. Schartner, 1st Institute of Physics, Heinrich-Buff-Ring 16, 35392 Giessen, Germany

1999-156: C60 PLASMA AND ION BEAM DIAGNOSTICS IN AN ELECTRON BOMBARDMENT ION THRUSTER; Satoru Sugaya and Haruki Takegahara, Department of Aerospace Engineering, Tokyo Metropolitan Institute of Technology, 6-6, Asahigaoka, Hino, Tokyo 191-0065, Japan; Yoshinori Nakayama, Department of Aerospace Engineering, National Defense Academy, Hashirimizu 1-10-20, Yokosuka 239-8686, Japan

1999-157: PLASMA PROPERTIES AROUND THE BAFFLE APERTURE REGION OF THE UK25 ION THRUSTER; David J. Milligan and Stephen B. Gabriel, Astronautics Research Group, School of Engineering, University of Southampton, Highfield, Southampton SO17 1BJ, UK

1999-158: DEVELOPMENT AND PERFORMANCE TESTING OF AN RF-ION THRUSTER FOR PRIMARY PROPULSION; Helmut Bassner, Space Infrastructure, Daimler-Benz Aerospace AG, Postfach 80 11 69, D-81663, Germany; Robert Bond and Vaughan Thompson, AEA Technology plc, Cullham Science and Technology Centre, Abingdon, Oxon OX14 3DB, United Kingdom

1999-159: ENHANCED DISCHARGE PERFORMANCE IN A RING CUSP PLASMA SOURCE; John E. Foster and Michael J. Patterson, NASA Glenn Research Center, 21000 Brookpark Road, Cleveland, OH 44135

1999-160: ELECTION EMISSION MECHANISM OF MICROWAVE DISCHARGE NEUTRALIZER; Noriyoshi Onodera and Haruki Takegahara, Tokyo Metropolitan Institute of Technology, 6-6, Asahigaoka, Hino-shi, Tokyo 191-0065, Japan; Kazutaka Nishiyama, Ikko Funaki, and Hitoshi Kuninaka, Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, 3-1-1, Yoshinodai, Sagamihara-shi, Kanagawa 229-8510, Japan

1999-162: NUMERICAL MODELING OF EXTRACTION SYSTEMS IN ION THRUSTERS; V. A. Muravlev and A. A. Shagayda, Keldysh Research Center, Onezhskaya 8/10, Moscow, 125438, Russia

1999-163: INVESTIGATION OF NEAR-CATHODE AREA OF 5-CM ION THRUSTER: A CURRENT STATE OF WORK; O. A. Gorshkov and M. V. Zikeyev, Keldysh Research Center, Onezhskaya 8/10, Moscow, 125438, Russia

1999-164: VERIFICATION TESTS OF 10-CM-DIAM. CARBON-CARBON COMPOSITE GRIDS FOR MICROWAVE DISCHARGE ION THRUSTER; I. Funaki, H. Kuninaka, Y. Shimizu, K. Toki, S. Satori, and K. Nishiyama, Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, 3-1-1 Yoshinodai, Sagamihara, Kanagawa, 229-8510, Japan

1999-165: SCALING LAW APPLICABLE TO DESIGN OF MPD ARCJET; Yukio Shimizu, Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, 3-1-1, Yoshinodai, Sagamihara, Kanagawa 229-8510, Japan; Kyoichi Kuriki, Tokyo Metropolitan Institute of Technology, 6-6, Asahigaoka, Hino-shi, Tokyo 191-0065, Japan

1999-166: THERMAL ANALYSIS OF A LORENTZ FORCE ACCELERATOR WITH AN OPEN LITHIUM HEAT PIPE; G. Emsellem, A. D. Kodys, and E. Y. Choueiri, Electric Propulsion and Plasma Dynamics Laboratory (EPPDyL), MAE Dept., Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544

1999-167: CHARACTERISATION OF A STEADY STATE MPD THRUSTER WITH RADIATION COOLED ANODE; Michael Winter, Monika Auweter-Kurtz, Christian Boie, Jorg Heiermann, and Helmut L. Kurtz; Institut für Raumfahrtsysteme, Universität Stuttgart, Pfaffenwaldring 31, D70550 Stuttgart, Germany

1999-168: NUMERICAL STUDY OF ONSET PHENOMENA IN A 2-DIMENSIONAL AXISYMMETRIC MPD THRUSTER; Takeshi Miyasaka and Toshi Fujiwara, Department of Aerospace Engineering, Nagoya University, Furo-cho Chikusa-ku, Nagoya, 464-8603, Japan

1999-169: RECENT IMPROVEMENTS OF NUMERICAL METHODS FOR THE SIMULATION OF MPD THRUSTER FLOW ON ADAPTIVE MESHES; J. Heiermann, M. Auweter-Kurtz, and H. J. Kaeppeler, Institute for Space Systems, Stuttgart University, 70550 Stuttgart, Germany; A. Eberle, DaimlerChrysler Aerospace AG, Military Aircraft MT-63, 81663 Munich, Germany; U. Iben, Robert Bosch GmbH, 70049 Stuttgart, Germany; and P. C. Sleziona, Institute of Industrial Mathematics, University of Kaiserslautern, 67663 Kaiserslautern, Germany

1999-170: LOW TEMPERATURE CATHODE OPERATION: A SPOT MODEL-PART I; Paola Rossetti, Fabrizio Paganucci, and Mariano Andrenucci, Centrospazio, Via Gherardesca 5, 1-56014, Pisa, Italia

1999-171: ONE-DIMENSIONAL NUMERICAL SIMULATION OF TWO-FLUID NONEQUILIBRIUM PLASMA FLOW IN MPD THRUSTERS; Nobuyuki Fukuoka, Takeshi Miyasaka, and Toshi Fujiwara, Department of Aerospace Engineering, Nagoya University, Furo-cho Chikusa-ku, Nagoya, 464-8603, Japan

1999-172: ELECTRODE POWER LOSS AND THRUSTER PERFORMANCE OF A PULSED MPD ACCELERATOR; Yoichi Kagaya, Hirokazu Tahara, and Takao Yoshikawa, Division of Mechanical Science, Department of Systems and Human Science, Graduate School of Engineering Science, Osaka University, 1-3, Machikaneyama, Toyonaka, Osaka, 560-8531, Japan

1999-173: CATHODE JET OF MAGNETOPLASMADYNAMIC THRUSTERS; Kazunori Mitsuo, Hirokazu Tahara, Hiroshi Hamano, Yoichi Kagaya, and Takao Yoshikawa, Division of Mechanical Science, Department of Systems and Human Science, Graduate School of Engineering Science, Osaka University, Machikaneyama 1-3, Toyonaka, Osaka 560-8531, Japan

1999-174: TEMPERATURE AND MATERIAL EFFECTS ON THE OPERATION OF MPD CATHODES; Fabrizio Paganucci, Paola Rossetti, and Mariano Andrenucci, Centrospazio, Via Gherardesca 5, 1-56014, Pisa, Italia

1999-175: SUPERSONIC PLASMA FLOW IN A MAGNETIC NOZZLE; Masaki Inutake, Kunihiko Hattori, Akira Ando, Fumio Hori, Taku Sugimura, Kenji Fukushi, Tsutomu Ochiai, Masaya Yamamoto, Tsuyoshi Yagai, Atsushi Imasaki, and Mikirou Yoshinuma, Department of Electrical Engineering, Tohokuu University, Aoba, Sendai, 980-8579, Japan

1999-176: OWN MAGNETIC FIELD IMPACT ON MPD THRUSTERS PERFORMANCE WITH EXTERNAL MAGNETIC FIELD; Victor B. Tikhonov and Sergei A. Semenikhin, Research Institute of Applied Mechanics and Electrodynamics of Moscow Aviation Institute, Russia, 4, Volokolamskoe shosse, Moscow, 125810, Russia; James E. Polk, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, 4800 Oak Grove Drive, Mail Stop 125-224, Pasadena, CA 91109

1999-177: NUMERICAL ANALYSES OF MHD FLOWS IN AN APPLIED-FIELD MPD ACRJET THRUSTER; Hiroshi Katsurayama, Takeshi Miyasaka, and Toshi Fujiwara, Department of  Aerospace Engineering, Nagoya University, Furo, Chikusa-ku, Nagoya, 464-8603, Japan

1999-179: ARC STRUCTURE IN A COAXIAL MAGNETOPLASMADYNAMIC CHANNEL; Kazunori Mitsuo, Hirokazu Tahara, Taro Kimura, Yoichi Kagaya, and Takao Yoshikawa, Division of Mechanical Science, Department of Systems and Human Science, Graduate School of Engineering Science, Osaka University, Machikaneyama 1-3, Toyonaka, Osaka 560-8531, Japan

1999-180: MACH-PROBE CHARACTERISTICS IN A MAGNETIZED PLASMA FLOW; Akira Ando, Kunihiko Hattori, Masaaki Inutake, Taku Sugimura, Fumio Hori, Kenji Fukushi, Tsutomu Ochiai, Masaya Yamamoto, Tsuyoshi Yagai, Atsushi Imasaki, and Mikirou Yoshinuma, Department of Electrical Engineering, Tohoku University, Aoba, Sendai, 980-8579, Japan

1999-181: DESIGN OF A SOLAR ELECTRIC PROPULSION TRANSFER VEHICLE FOR A NON-NUCLEAR HUMAN MARS EXPLORATION ARCHITECTURE; Leonard A. Dudzinski, Kurt J. Hack, Leon P. Gefert, Thomas W. Kerslake, and Alen W. Hewston NASA John H. Glenn Research Center, 21000 Brookpark Rd, Cleveland, OH USA

1999-182: AN OVERVIEW OF THE ON-ORBIT RESULTS FROM THE ELECTRIC PROPULSION SPACE EXPERIMENT (ESEX), D. R. Bromaghim, J. R. LeDuc, R. M. Salasovich, J. A. Zimmerman, D. C. Matias, A. M. Sutton, G. G. Spanjers, J. M. Fife, W. H. Hargus, and R. A. Spores, USAF Research Laboratory, Edwards AFB, CA; M. J. Dulligan and S. F. Engelman, ERC, Inc., USAF Research Laboratory, Edwards AFB, CA; J. H. Schiling and D. C. White, W. E. Research, LLC, Rosamond, CA; and L. K. Johnson, The Aerospace Corporation, El Segundo, CA

1999-183: TORGUE CONTROL OF HALL PROPELLED SMALL SPACECRAFT; Joseph Ashkenazy and Gabi Appelbaum, Propulsion Physics Laboratory, Soreq NRC, Yavne 81800, Israel; Moshe Guelman and Alex Kogan, Asher Space Research Institute, Technion I.I.T. Haifa 32000, Israel

1999-185: ADVANCED ELECTRIC PROPULSION FOR RLV LAUNCHED GEOSYNCHRONOUS SPACECRAFT; Steven R. Oleson, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, John H. Glenn Research Center at Lewis Field, Cleveland, OH 44135

1999-186: FEASIBILITY STUDY OF NANOSATELLITE BASED ON COMMERICIAL TECHNOLOGY; Shin Satori, Masahiro Suzuki, Masami Sasaki, Ryuichi Mitsuhasi, and Satoshi Takezawa, Hokkaido Institute of Technology; Hiroyuki Okamoto, Astro Research Company; Shin’ichi Nakasuka, University of  Tokyo; Nobutada Sako, Graduate School of Engineering, University of Tokyo; Tomohiro Isikawa and Atsushi Nagata, Graduate School of Engineering, Hokkaido Institute of Technology

1999-187: TWO NEW SPACECRAFT ARCHITECTURES AND THEIR IMPACTS ON ELECTRIC PROPULSION; Shinichi Nakasuka, Yuichi Tsuda, and Takashi Eijima, Department of Aeronautics and Astronautics, University of Tokyo, Hongo 7-3-1, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8656, Japan; Yasuhiro Kawakatsu and Ryuichi Nagashima, Tsukuba Space Center, NASDA, Sengen 2-1-1, Tsukuba, 305-8505, Japan

1999-188: A METHOD OF PLACING A SPACECRAFT ON HIGH ORBIT; V. N. Vinogradov, V. M. Murashko, and A. G. Nattyn, Fakel, Moskovsky pr. 181, Kaliningrad 236001, Russia

1999-189: VERY LONG RANGE EXPLORATION BY MEANS OF ELECTRIC PROPULSION AND COMETARY RESOURCE UTILIZATION; P. J. Turchi and C. A. Scharlemann, Aerospace Engineering, Applied Mechanics and Aviation Department, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio, USA

1999-190: THE PRELIMINARY STUDY ON THE EFFECTIVE UTILIZATION OF A LUNAR-DERIVED PROPELLANT (LOX); R. Nagashima, Y. Kawakatsu, and T. Yokoyama, National Space Development Agency of Japan, Tsukuba Space Center, 2-1-1, Sengen, Tsukuba-City, Ibaraki, 305-0047, Japan; S. Nakasuka, University of Tokyo, Department of Aeronautics and Astronautics, 7-3-1, Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, 113-8656, Japan

1999-191: APPLICATION OF DC ARCJET FOR LOW EARTH ORBIT SPACECRAFT; Yoshinori Kunii, Space Systems Department, Mitsubishi Electric Corporation, 325 Kamimachiya, Kamakura, 247-8520, Japan; Kyoichiro Toki, The Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, 3-1-1 Yoshinodai, Sagamihara, 229-8510, Japan

1999-192: PULSED PLASMA THRUSTERS FOR SPACECRAFT ATTITUDE AND ORBIT CONTROL SYSTEM; N. N. Antropov, G. A. Diakonov, V. Kim, G. A. Popov, and A. I. Pokryshkin, Research Institute of Applied Mechanics and Electrodynamics, 4, Volokolamskoye shosse, Moscow, 125810, Russia; M. N. Kazeev, Russian Research Centre “Kurchatov Institute”, 1, Kurchatov sq., Moscow, 123182, Russia; and V. P. Khodnenko, All-Russian Research Institute of Electromechanics, 10100, P.O. Box 496, Moscow, Russia

1999-194: EVALUATION OF ELECTRODYNAMIC TETHER PROPULSION TO OTV; Masaya Kozakai and Haruki Takegahara, Tokyo Metropolitan Institute of Technology, 6-6, Asahigaoka, Hino-shi, Tokyo 191-0065, Japan; Yoshiki Yamagiwa and Ryosuke Tuyuki, Shizuoka University, 3-5-1, Johoku, Hamamatsu-shi, Shizuoka 432-8561, Japan; Ryoichiro Yasumitsu, University of Tokyo, 7-3-1, Hongo, Bunko-ku, Tokyo 113-8654, Japan; Atsushi Nakajima, National Aerospace Laboratory, 7-44-1, Jindaiji Higashi-machi, Chofu, Tokyo 182-8522, Japan

1999-195: NON-CHEMICAL PROPULSION ABILITIES FOR NEAR-EARTH MISSIONS; V. A. Nevrovsky, Moscow State University of Aircraft Technology, Orshanskaya str. 3, 121552 Moscow, Russia

1999-196: NITRATING BY MPD THRUSTER – IS THE ECOLOGICAL CLEAN ALTERNATIVE TO CHEMICAL-THERMAL METHODS OF STRENGTHENING; Nikolay V. Bilan, Andriy V. Loyan, Sergey V. Muchin, and Oleg P. Rubalov, STC SPE “KhAI”, 17, Chkalova st., 310070, Kharkov, Ukraine

1999-197: DEVELOPMENT OF AN ELECTROMAGNETIC ACCELERATION PLASMA GENERATOR FOR ZIRCONIA AND TITANIUM NITRIDE COATINGS; Tetsuji Shibata, Hirokazu Tahara, Toshiaki Yasui, Yoichi Kagaya, and Takao Yoshikawa, Division of Mechanical Science, Department of Systems and Human Science, Graduate School of Engineering Science, Osaka University, 1-3, Machikaneyama, Toyonaka, Osaka 560-8531, Japan

1999-198: HIGH TEMPERATURE PLASMA FURNACE USING GAS TUNNEL TYPE PLASMA JET AND ITSIAPPLICATION TO SURFACE MODICIFICATION; Akira Kobayashi, Joining and Welding Research Institute, Osaka University, 11-1 Mihogaoka, Ibaraki, Osaka 567-0047, Japan

1999-199: DEVELOPMENT OF 30-CM LONG LINEAR SPUTTERING SOURCE USING ECR DISCHARGE; Toshiaki Yasui, Tomohiro Matsumoto, Hirokazu Tahara and Takao Yoshikawa, Division of Mechanical Engineering, Department of Systems and Human Science, Graduate School of Engineering Science, Osaka University, 1-3 Machikaneyama, Toyonaka, Osaka 560-8531, Japan

1999-201: EFFECTS OF ADDITION OF HYDROGEN TO NITROGEN PLASMA DURING NITRIDING OF TITANIUM AND SACM645 STEEL USING SUPERSONIC EXPANDING PLASMA JETS; Y. Ando, S. Tobe, H. Tahara, and T. Yoshikawa, Ashikaga Institute of Technology, 268-1 Omae, Ashikaga, Tochigi 326-8558, Japan; Osaka University, 1-3 Machikaneyama, Toyonaka, Osaka, 560-8531, Japan

1999-202: DEVELOPMENT OF LARGE SIZE ION SOURCE FOR ION SHOWER DOPING; H. Kuwabara, I. Nakamoto, Y. Kawaskai, Electric System Development Department Mechatronics Development Center, Ishikawajima-Harima Heavy Industries Co. Ltd., Japan, 1-15, Toyosu 3-Chome, Koto-ku, Tokyo 135-8732, Japan

1999-203: A STUDY OF PULSED PLASMA ACCELERATOR WITH METAL PROPELLANT FOR SPACE AND TECHNOLOGY APPLICATION; Leonid N. Lesnevsky and Vladimir N. Tyurin, Moscow State Aviation Institute (MAI), 4 Volokolamskoye shosse, Moscow, 125871, Russia

1999-205: QUANTITATIVE RADIATION MEASUREMENTS OF THE PULSED PLASMA MICROTHRUSTER; Tomokazu Umeki and Peter J. Turchi, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio, USA

1999-206: VISUALIZATION OF CURRENT SHEET CANTING IN A PULSED PLASMA ACCELERATOR; T. E. Markusic and E. Y. Choueiri, Electric Propulsion and Plasma Dynamics Laboratory (EPPDyL), Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Department, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey 08544

1999-207: PERFORMANCE STUDY OF HIGH POWER ABLATIVE PULSED PLASMA THRUSTER; Y. A. Alexeev and M. N. Kazeev, Institute of Nuclear Fusion of RRC “Kurchatov Institute”, 1. Pl. Kurchatova, Moscow, 123182, Russia

1999-208: AN ACCURATE CHARACTERISTICS-SPLITTING SCHEME FOR NUMERICAL SOLUTION OF MHD EQUATIONS; K. Sankaran and E. Y. Choueiri, Electric Propulsion and Plasma Dynamics Laboratory (EPPDyL), Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Department, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey 08544

1999-209: COMPARING THE PERFORMANCE OF CO-AXIAL AND PARALLEL-PLATE GAS-FED PPTS; J. K. Ziemer and E. Y. Choueiri, MAE Dept., Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey 08544; D. Birx, Science Research Laboratory Inc., Sommerville, MA 02143

1999-210: DESIGN OPERATION, AND INVESTIGATION OF AN INDUCTIVELY-DRIVEN, COAXIAL PULSED PLASMA THRUSTER; H. Kamhawi, P. J. Turchi, I. G. Mikellides, and P. G. Mikellides, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio USA

1999-211: OPTIMIZATION OF PULSED PLASMA THRUSTERS IN RECTANGULAR AND COAXIAL GEOMETRIES; I. G. Mikellides and P. J. Turchi, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio, USA

1999-213: PARTICULATE INTERACTION WITH PLASMA IN A PULSED PLASMA THRUSTER; Michael Keidar and Iain D. Boyd, Department of Aerospace Engineering, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA; Isak I. Beilis, Electrical Discharge and Plasma Laboratory, Tel Aviv University, P. O. B. 39040, Tel Aviv 69978, Israel

1999-214: A MODEL OF AN ELECTRICAL DISCHARGE IN A CO-AXIAL PULSED PLASMA THRUSTER; Michael Keidar and Iain D. Boyd, Department of Aerospace Engineering, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA; Isak I. Beilis, Electrical Discharge and Plasma Laboratory, Department of Interdisciplinary Studies, Fleischman Faculty of Engineering, Tel Aviv University, P. O. B. 39040, Tel Aviv 69978, Israel

1999-216: PLASMA AND FIELD RESPONSES TO HIGH POTENTIAL SYSTEM IN SPACE; Hideyuki Usui, Hiroshi Matsumoto, and Yoshiharu Omura, Radio Atmospheric Science Center, Kyoto University, Gokasho, Uji, Kyoto 611-0011, Japan

1999-217: COMPUTATION OF CURRENT TO A MOVING BARE TETHER; Tatsuo Onishi and Manuel Martinez-Sanchez, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA; David L. Cooke, Air Force Research Laboratory, Space Vehicle Directorate, Hanscom AFB, MA, USA

1999-218: HOLLOW-CATHODE PLASMA CONTACTING INSIGHTS GAINED FORM THE ELCTRODYNAMIC TETHHER MISSION; P. J. Wilbur and D. Burtner, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado 80523

1999-219: PERFORMANCE OF ELECTRODYNAMIC TETHER ORBIT TRANSFER SYSTEM WITH CONSIDERATION OF LIFETIME BY THE IMPACT OF DEBRIS; Yoshiki Yamagiwa, Yukitaka Sakata, and Tatsuya Hashimoto, Faculty of Engineering, Shizuoka University, 3-5-1, Johoku, Hamamatsu, Shizuoka, 432-8561, Japan

1999-220: SYSTEM CONSIDERATIONS OF ELECTRODYNAMIC-TETHER PROPULSION TECHNOLOGY AND FUTURE PLANS; Brian E. Gilchrist, Sven G. Bilen, and Nestor R. Voronka, Space Physics Research Laboratory, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-2143; Les Johnson, NASA Marshall Space Flight Center, Huntsville, AL 35812; Enrico C. Lorenzini, Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, Cambridge, MA 02318

1999-221: COMPARISON BETWEEN PLASMA PLUME THEORETICAL MODELS AND EXPERIMENTAL DATA; A. G. Korsun, B. S. Borisov, E. M. Tverdokhlebova, and F. F. Gabdullin, Central Research Institute of Machine Building (TsNIIMASH), Korolev, Moscow Region, Russia

1999-222: THE REACTION YIELD OF GRAPHITE WITH HYPERTHERMAL ATOMIC OXYGEN IN A LOW EARTH ORBITAL SPACE ENVIRONMENT; Hiroshi Kinoshita and Masatake Umeno, Department of Material and Life Science, Graduate School of Engineering, Osaka University, 2-1 Yamada-oka, Suita, Osaka 565-0871, Japan; Masahito Tagawa and Nobuo Ohmae, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Kobe University, 1-1 Rokko-dai, Nada, Kobe 657-8501, Japan

1999-223: EXPERIMENTAL DETERMINATION OF SPUTTERING COEFFICIENTS ISP SOFTWARE: NUMERICAL CALCULATION OF MATERIAL EROSION; I. Jouin, V. Perrin, D. Borie (Alcatel Space Industries), V. Huchet (Teuchos PACA), S. Khartov, A. Nadiradze, I. Shkarban, A. Semenov, and A. Chirov. (Moscow Aviation Institute), Alcatel Space Industries – 100, Bd du Midi BP 99 -06156 Cannes – France

1999-224: GROUND EXPERIMENTS OF INTERACTION BETWEEN PLASMA FLOW AND NEGATIVELY BIASED OR CHARGED MATERIALS; Daiki Matsuyama, Hirokazu Tahara, Takashi Matsuda, Toshiaki Yasui, and Takao Yoshikawa, Division of Mechanical Science, Department of Systems and Human Science, Graduate School of Engineering Science, Osaka University, 1-3, Machikaneyama, Toyonaka, Osaka 560-8531, Japan

1999-226: PLUME MEASUREMENT OF PLASMA PROPULSION SYSTEM; Taizou Noutsuka, Yoshiyuki Takao, Tomoya Hida, Yoshiki Yano, Gen Kantou, Kazuhiko Uemura, and Hideki Nakashima, Department of Advanced Energy Engineering Science, Kyushu University, 6-1 Kasuga-Kouen Kasuga, Fukuoka 816-8580, Japan

1999-227: ICRF WAVE PROPAGATION AND ABSORPTION IN A MICROWAVE DISCHARGE ION THRUSTER; Yoshitaka Mori, Yoshiyuki Takao and Hideki Nakashima, Department of Advanced Energy Engineering Science, Kyushu University, 6-1 Kasuga-Kouen, Fukuoka 816-8580, Japan

1999-228: INTERACTION BETWEEN PLASMA PLUME OF ELECTRIC PROPULSION AND SPACECRAFT COMMUNICATION; Noriyoshi Onodera and Haruki Takegahara, Tokyo Metropolitan Institute of Technology, 6-6, Asahigaoka, Hino-shi, Tokyo 191-0065, Japan; Ikko Funaki and Hitoshi Kuninaka, Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, 3-1-1, Yoshinodai, Sagamihra-shi, Kanagawa 229-8510, Japan

1999-229: MATHEMATICAL MODELING OF INTERACTION OF THE ELECTRIC PROPULSION AND SPACECRAFT RADIOTEXNICAL SYSTEMS; I. P. Kozlov, Research Institute of Applied Mechanics and Electrodynamics (RIAME), 4 Volokolamskoye sh., Moscow, 125810

1999-230: OPTICAL MEASUREMENT OF CHARGING AND DISCHARGING PROCESSES ON INSULATOR SURFACE IN SIMULATED LOW EARTH ORBIT PLASMA ENVIRONMENT; Ko Shiraishi, Mengu Cho, and Masayuki Hikita, Department of Electrical Engineering, Kyushu Institute of Technology, Tobata-ku, Kitakyushu, Japan 804-8550

1999-232: CONTAMINATION SENSOR FOR ELECTRIC PROPULSION AND SOLID ROCKET MOTOR; Kazutaka Nishiyama, Ikkoh Funaki, and Hitoshi Kuninaka, Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, 3-1-1 Yoshinodai, Sagamihara, Kanagawa 229-8510, Japan

1999-233: ISAS HIGH ENTHALPY FLOW FACILITY FOR THERMAL PROTECTION MATERIAL TESTS; Tetsuya Yamada, Naohiro Suzuki, and Yoshifumi Inatani, Division for Space Propulsion Systems, Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, 3-1-1 Yoshinodai, Sagamihara, Kanagawa 229-8510, Japan

1999-235: EXPERIMENTAL ANALYSIS OF A SOLID PROPELLANT MPD THRUSTER WITH DIFFERENT ANODE RADII; Giorgio Paccani and Luigi Petrucci, Universita degli Studi di Roma “La Sapienza”, Rome, Italy; and William D. Deininger, Ball Aerospace & Technologies Corp., Boulder, CO, USA

1999-238: PRELIMINARY DEVELOPMENT STATUS OF THE IUA’S P4S-1 ABLATIVE PULSED PLASMA THRUSTER; Hector H. Brito, Roque O. De Alessandro, and Carlos A. Dominguez, Centro de Investigaciones Aplicadas, Instituto Universitario Aeronautico, Ruta 20, Km 6.5, 5022 Cordoba, Argentina

1999-241: MICROWAVE TELEMETRY BREAKDOWN CAUSED BY ROCKET PLUME; Takashi Abe, Kazuhisa Fujita, Hiroyuki Ogawa, and Ikkoh Funaki, The Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, Kanagawa 229-8510, Japan

1999-242: A MODEL FOR THE CHARACTERIATION OF PLASMA INSIDE THE STATIONARY PLASMA THRUSTER; K Makowski, Z. Peradynski, and S. Barral, Institute of Fundamental Technological Research, Polish Academy of Sciences, Swietokrzyska 21, 00-049 Warsaw, Poland; M. Dudeck, Laboratoire d’Aerothermique du CNRS, 1C, avenue de la Recherche Scientifique, 45071 Orleans Cedex 2, France

1999-244: DESIGN AND MANUFACTURE OF THE ETS VIII COMPOSITE OVERWRAPPED XENON PRESSURE VESSEL; Walter H. Tam, Pressure Systems, Inc.; Mark D. Drey and Arthur C. Jackson, Programmed Composites, Inc.; Eiji Nishida and Yukikazu Kasai, Mitsubishi Electric Corporation; and Akio Tsujihata and Kenichi Kajiwara, National Space Development Agency of Japan

1999-245: PARAMETRIC INVESTIGATIONS OF SEGMENTED ELECTRODE HALL THRUSTER; Y. Raitses, L. A. Dorf, A. A. Litvak, and N. J. Fisch, Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08540